Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 280

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 12
Bhakti Yoga

Tatparya Nirnaya :- “Born of Sri (unmanifest, nature) for propitiation of Sri one leaves one's abode. For being initiated in the Sri-tatva one approaches a Teacher. Thus those who propitiate her (Sri) attain liberation. The objective of both (the aspirant and the Teacher) is thus fulfilled”, thus in scriptures. “Those who propitiate Sri, the spouse of Sri Vishnu, the controller of the world, also known as Aupala, Ambika, Hri, Agrya, Suvidya, are liberated”. “If Sri is pleased, Sri Hari is also soon pleased; and if she is not pleased then even the Lord is not pleased”. She is known as the unmanifest, Prakriti, nature, also as the abiding one, the immutable, the primal and also as the great Person, mahat-Brahma, supreme Jiva, supreme consciousness. Sri Vishnu is superior to her. Therefore, He is known as supreme mahat-Brahma. Thus, propitiation of the unmanifest having been spoken in Brahmaanda Puraana.
For clarification of the means of deliverance, Arjuna asks the question – “That which is abiding within is known as the immutable”. Due to such uncertainty statements the one unmovable abiding within has been spoken by way of clarification as the unmanifest, consciousness, nature. Otherwise, such distinct queries like „he who propitiates you‟, „he who is the immutable‟, „amongst them which is superior‟ would not have been asked. Later Arjuna himself refers to Sri Krishna as the “Supreme Brahman, supreme abode, propitious, You are, verily the Supreme” and Sri Krishna commending by such words - „Be equanimous towards Me‟. „To me alone you devote your mind‟. Those who still consider propitiation of the unmanifest to be superior; they are, verily, denying the truth and are audacious in their statements. Therefore, they are to be lamented, thus in Narada Purana..