Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 336

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 16
Daivaasurasampadvibhaga Yoga

Bhashya :- Hari Aum ! The obstacles in the course of spiritual aspiration arc further explained here.
Tatparya Nirnaya :- Hari Aum! Here the distinctive marks of the divinities and demons have been described.
1- 3. Absence of fear, purity of mind, equanimity between wisdom and action, charity, selfrestraint, sacrifice, reflection on the self, austerity and uprightness, non-injury, Truth, nonanger, renunciation, tranquility, non-envy, compassion towards creatures, non-covetousness, gentleness, modesty and steadfastness, energy, forgiveness, fortitude, purity, non-malice, nor excess of pride - these constitute the attributes of one who is born of Divine nature, O Arjuna.
Bhashya :- By emphasizing austerity, adherence to Brahmic values etc. „Following the Brahmic values itself is austerity‟, thus having been spoken. Animosity having been spoken as the intent to create injury to others, is the defect pointed among the rulers and others. “Intention to harm others is said to be the defect of animosity”, rulers and others being proud perceiving others without fear is said to gives rise to arrogance. Fickleness gives rise to affection. „Affection is attachment as well as fickleness‟. Absence of unsteadiness is steadfastness, चपल (wavering), चञ्चल (unsteadiness) अस्थिर: (non-constant) are same, thus having been said. Forgiveness is refraining from harming through anger even those who have harmed. The one who has absence of anger even towards those who have caused harm is said to be forgiver.