Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 125

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 4
Jnyaana Yoga

4 - 5. Arjuna said: Later was your birth and earlier was the birth of Vivasvat. How is he to understand, then, that you did in earlier time, spoke (these Truths) to him? The resplendent Lord said: Many have been My lives which have passed over and yours also, O Arjuna. All those I know well but you know them not.
Bhashya :- In view of Sri Krishna‟s earlier statement "surrendering all the actions to Me", Arjuna asks this question. Tatparya Nirnaya :- The purpose of enquiry by men of wisdom is either for reconfirmation of the wisdom which they already possess or for additional clarification, thus, in Agni Purana not because Arjuna was unaware of the truth about the Lord.
6 - 7. Though unborn, of Imperishable Self, and even though the Lord of all Beings, establishing Myself in Nature, I come to be energizing My Self. Whenever the Perennial Principles become obscure, O Bharata, and there is rise in unrighteousness, then I energize Myself
Bhashya :- If Sri Krishna is eternal then can his body also be eternal? Thus Arjuna inquires. To this question, the answer is given in this verse - I am unborn. In this verse अव्यय आत्मा means the immutable body (of the Lord). „with universal manifestation‟ as said later speaking about his multi-facet forms. And also “for His many descents, the eternal seed (Sriman Narayana) is the basis,” as mentioned in Bhagavat Puraana, जगृहे means took the human form. This is possible. The same has been explained earlier that self is without beginning and eternal in all times.