om tatsaditi srimadbhagavadgitaasupanisatsu brahmavidyayam.
yogasastre srikrsnarjunasamvade gunatrayavibadgayogo
Thus with the words OM, Tat, Sat, the names of the Lord, in the Upanisad of the Bhagavadgita, the knowledge of Brahma, the Supreme, the science of Yoga and the dialogue between Sri Krsna and Arjuna, this the fourteenth discourse is designated:
"The Yoga of the Division of the three gums (modes)."
In this chapter, sattva (goodness), raja (passion) and lama (ignorance), the three modes of nature, have been described. The person, who transcends this three modes, realizes his eternal union with the Lord. So the chapter, has been entitled 'Gunatrayavibhagayoga' (Division of the three modes of nature).
Words, letters and Uvaca (said) in the Fourteenth Chapter:
- In this chapter in Atha eaturdaso'dhyayah' there are three words, in 'Sribhagavanuvdea' etc., there are six words, in verses,there are three hundred and twenty-two words, and there are thirteen concluding words. Thus the total number of words is three hundred and forty-four.
- In this chapter in 'Atha caturdaso'dhyayah' there are eight letters, in 'Srihhagavanuvaea' etc., there are twenty letters, in verses, there are eight hundred and sixty-four letters and there are fifty-one, concluding letters. Thus the total numher of the letters is nine hundred and forty-three. In this chapter there are thirty-two letters, in each verse.
- In this chapter the term 'Uvaca' (said) has been used thrice - '6ribhagavanuvaca' twice and 'Arjuna Uvaca' once. Metres Used in the Fourteenth Chapter
Out of the twenty-seven verses, of this chapter, in the first quarter of the fifth verse 'na-gaga being used there is'na-vipula' metre; in the first quarter of the sixth and tenth verses 'ra-gaga' being used there is 'ra-vipula' metre; in the third quarter of the fifteenth and seventeenth verses bha-gana', being used there is 'bha-vipula' metre; in the first quarter of the nineteenth verse 'ma-gaol' being used there is 'ma-vipula' metre; in the first quarter of the ninth verse bha-gaga and in the third quarter 'na-gaga' being used there is 'sadrkirna-vipula' metre. The remaining twenty verses have the characteristics of right 'pathyavaktra', Anustup metre.