Link:-Arjuna then puts the question about the illumined one whose intellect has crossed the mire of delusion and who has become steadfast and firm on God.
sthitaprajnasya ka bhasa samadhisthasya kesava
sthitadhih kim prabhaseta kimasita vrajeta kim
O Kesava, what is the mark of a person of steadfast wisdom, who realises (sthitaprajna) God? How does such a man of firm wisdom, speak, sit and how does he walk? 54
[Here Arjuna asks about the marks of a man of steadfast wisdom. Before he puts this question he had some doubt about the superiority of intellect or actions (2147—50). Lord Krsna, in fifty-second and fifty-third verses said, "After crossing the mire of delusion when your intellect has become steadfast and firm on God, you will attain Self-realization or union with God." Hearing this, Arjuna wants to know the mark of one who attains Self-realization viz., who becomes a man of steadfast wisdom. He had doubt about action and knowledge, which he will ask further (in 3/1-2). Had Arjuna put a question regarding his doubts about action and knowledge, in the fifty-fourth verse here, then his question regarding the mark of the man of steadfast wisdom, would have been much delayed.]
'Samadhisthasya:- Here, this term has been used for the person who has attained God-realization.
Sthitaprajdasya:-This term has been used both for the enlightened (God-realized) soul, as well as the striver. The striver who is of a firm resolve and who never budges from his spiritual path, is also called a man of steadfast wisdom. The realized soul whose intellect is already steadfast, is also a man of steadfast wisdom.
Now, the question arises, while Arjuna put the question about the enlightened soul only, why Lord Krsna included the striver too. The answer is that, in the Discipline of Knowledge aspirants generally develop disinclination for activities. The perfect soul gets total disinclination. An aspirant of the Discipline of Devotion, has an inclination to the recitation of Divine name, meditation, association with holy men and study of the scriptures etc. These activities pervade in abundance, in hint. In the perfect state, only activities pertaining to God are performed. Thus there is a clear difference in the degree of activities, of aspirants and realized souls in both the Disciplines of Knowledge and Devotion. But in the Discipline of Action, the flow of activities goes on as usual, without any change, in both the stages—as a striver and a perfected soul. So, there is a description of strivers, from the forty-first verse to the forty-fifth verse, and also from the forty-seventh verse to the fifty-third verse. Thus, in the context, the means by which strivers, can be perfect souls' have been enunciated and the marks of the perfect soul, have also been described.
Ka bhasa:-What is the description or mark of an enlightened soul? (Lord Krsna answers this question in the next verse).
Sthitadhih kim prabhaseta:-How does the enlightened soul speak? (Lord Krsna will answer this question in fifty-sixth and fifty-seventh verses.)
Kimasita:-How does he sit viz., how does he become dispassionate? (Lord Krsna has answered these in verses from fifty-eighth to sixty-third.)
Vrajeta kim:-How does be walk viz., how does he behave? (Lord Krsna has answered this question in the verses sixty-fourth to seventy-first.)