Bhagavad Gita -Madhvacharya 168

Bhagavad Gita -Sri Madhvacharya

(Bhashya and Tatparya Nirnaya)


Chapter 6
Atmasamyama Yoga

7 - 8. In him who has conquered the self and attained expansive pleasures, the Supreme Self abides both in cold and in heat, in pleasure and in pains as well, and similarly in honour and dishonour. Being contented in awareness (jnyaana) .and supra-sensory experience (vijnyaana), the tranquil self, having conquered the senses, such an ascetic is said to be equanimous in relation to a stone as well as to a clod of earth.
Bhashya :- He speaks of the fruits of success over senses in this verse. The one who has success over the senses alone will become tranquil. His mind is not ordinarily been attracted by sense-objects. Then the Supreme Self comprehensively and firmly is established in his heart, i.e. he becomes spiritually enlightened. The marks of the spiritually enlightened person are explained in the verse. In the space, without any form, aloof from cold or heat, being content with knowledge and wisdom and having won over senses, being established in the space within becomes his objective. विज्ञानम् means specialized Knowledge ज्ञान, or Wisdom experienced from supra-sensory sources.
That which becomes known generally through special receptivity relating to the gods is special Wisdom. That which becomes known through listening and reflection is the special, supra-sensory awareness being receptive to Sri Vishnu, thus says Shambhu. विज्ञानाम् is also supra-sensory Wisdom through perception acquired from scriptures.