The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
10. The Way of Knowledge: Jnana-marga
Evil is caused by the bondage to the gunas. It arises because the seed of life or the spirit cast into matter becomes fettered by the gunas. According to the preponderance of one or the other of the gunas the soul rises or falls. When we recognize the self as distinct from prakrti with its gunas, we are released. Metaphysical knowledge. is transformed into realization by means of yoga or the method of concentration. From the earliest times, yoga has been employed to describe practices and experiences of a special kind which have been later adapted to the teachings of the different methods, jnana, bhakti and karma. Each of them uses the practices of dhycinayoga or the way of meditation. Yoga is the suppression of the activities of the mind, according to Patanjali. Maitri Up. says, "As fire deprived of fuel is extinguished in its own hearth, so when mental activities are suppressed (vrttiksayat), Nitta. is extinguished in its own seat. " It is by a mighty exercise of will that we can achieve this suppression of the clamour of ideas and of the rabble of desires. By ceaseless action the yogi is called upon to achieve control.
References and Context
- yogas cittavrttinirodhah
- VI, 34
- cittarh svayonau upasamyate. s nirvtkarena karmana.. 'Harivamsa. XI, 736.