Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 63

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

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CHAPTER 1
The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna
The Question


Dhartarastra uvaca
1. dharmaksetre kuruksetre samaveta yuyutsavah
mamakah pandavas cai 'va kim akurvata sameaya

Dhrtarastra said : (1) In the field of righteousness, the field of the Rums, when my people and the sons of Pandu had gathered together, eager for battle, what did they do, 0 Samjaya ? dharmaksctre: in the field of righteousness. The quality of deciding what is right or dharma is special to man. Hunger, sleep, fear and sex are common to men and animals. What distinguishes men from animals is the knowledge of right and wrong.[1]

The world is dharmaksetra, the battleground for a moral struggle. The decisive issue lies in the hearts of men wherthe battles are fought daily and hourly. The ascent from earth to heaven, from suffering to spirit, is through the path of dharrna. Even in our corporeal existence, through the practice of dharma, we can reach up to safety where every difficulty culminates in joy The world is dharmaksetra, the nursery of saints where the sacred flame of spirit is never permitted to go out It is said to be karmabhumi where we work out our karma and fulfil the purpose of soul-making.

The aim of the Gita is not so much to teach a theory as to enforce practice, dharma. We cannot separate in theory what is not separable in life. The duties of civic and social life provide religion with its tasks and opportunities. Dharma. is what promotes vorldly prosperity and spiritual freedom.[2]


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References and Context

  1. aharanidrabhayamaithunam ca samanyam etat pasubhir naranam dharma hi tesam adhiko viseso dharmena hinah pasubhih mamakah Hitopadesa
  2. pramam saksad abhyudayanihsreyasahetur yah sa dharmah.

Related Articles

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
Chapter Chapter Name Page No.
Introductory Essay 1
1. The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna 63
2. Samkhya Theory and Yoga Practice 79
3. Karma Yoga or the Method of Work 107
4. The Way of Knowledge 124
5. True Renunciation 143
6. The True Yoga 152
7. God and the World 168
8. The Course of Cosmic Evolution 176
9. The Lord is more than His Creation 181
10. God is the Source of All; to Know Him is to Know All 192
11. The Lord's Transfiguration 200
12. Worship of the Personal Lord is better than meditation of the Absolute 211
13. The Body called the Field, the Soul called the Knower of the Field and Discrimination between them 215
14. The Mystical Father oF All Beings 222
15. The Tree of Life 227
16. The Nature of the Godlike and the Demoniac Mind 231
17. The Three Modes Applied to Religious Phenomena 235
18. Conclusion 239
19. Last Page 254