Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 79

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

Samkhya Theory and Yoga Practice

Krsna rebuke and exhortation to be brave
samaya uvaca
1. tam tatha krpaya 'vistam
vi sidantam idam vakyam
uvaca madhusitidanah
Samjaya said
(1) To him (who was) thus overcome by pity, whose eyes were filled with tears and troubled and (who was) much depressed in mind, Madhusudana (Krsna) spoke this wordThe pity of Arjuna has nothing in common with Divine compassion. It is a form of self-indulgence, a shrinking of the nerves from an act which requires him to hurt his own people Arjuna recoils from his task in a mood of sentimental self-pity and his teacher rebukes him. That the Kauravas were his kinsmen he had known before.

‘sribhagavan uvaca
2. kutas tva kasmalamam idam
visame samupasthitam
anaryajustam asvargyann
akirtikaram arjuna
The Blessed Lord said :
(2) Whence has come to thee this stain (this dejection) of spirit in this hour of crisis? It is unknown to men of noble mind (not cherished by the Aryans) ; it does not lead to heaven ; (on earth) it causes disgrace, O Arjuna. anaryajustam: un-Aryan. The Aryans, it is contended by some, are those who accept a particular type of inward culture and social practice, which insists on courage and courtesy, nobility and straight dealing. In his attempt to release Arjuna from his doubts, Krsna refers to the doctrine of the indestructibility of the self, appeals to his sense of honour and martial traditions, reveals to him God's purpose and points out how action is to be under taken in the world.


References and Context