The Immanence and Transcendence of God
1. bhuya eva mandbaho
srnu me paramam uvaca
yat te 'ham priyarnanaya
The Blessed Lord said
(1) Again, 0 Mighty-armed (Arjuna), hearken to My supreme word. From a desire to do thee good, I will declare it to thee, now that thou art taking delight (in My words).
Pr yatnanaya may also be rendered "who art beloved."
2. na me viduh suraganah
prabhavam na maharsavah
aham adir' hi devanam
maharsinam ca sarvasah
(2) Neither the hosts of gods nor the great sages know any origin of Me for I am the source of the gods and the great sages in every way
sarvasah; in every way; sarvaprakdraih. S.
The Supreme is the unborn eternal and He is also the lord of the world. Though He has no birth, all existences derive from Him. The teacher announces that He is in truth the Eternal God Himself, more ancient than all else and that all manifested glory is from Him.
3. vo Main ajam anadim
ca vetti lokamahesvaram
asammudhah sa martyesu
(3) He who knows Me, the unborn, without beginning also the mighty lord of the worlds, he, among mortals is undeluded and freed from all sins when we learn to look at things as derived from the one Transcendent Reality, we are delivered from all groping and bewilderment.
4. buddhir jnadnanm asammohah
ksrma satyam damah samah
sukham duhkham bravo 'bhavo
bhayam ca 'bhayam eva ca
(4) Understanding, knowledge, freedom from bewilderment, patience, truth, self-control and calmness ; pleasure and pain, existence and non-existence, fear and fearlessness. dama: self-control is quietude of the external senses. sama: calmness It is calmness of inner spirit.
5. ahimsa samata tustis
tapo danam yaso 'yasah
bhavanti bhava bhutanam
matta eva prthagvidhah
(5) Non-violence, equal-mindedness, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and ill-fame (are) the different states of beings which proceed from Me alone.
ahimsa: non-violence; in old texts it means non-hurting, especially non-killing. All these separate states of being issue in accordance with the past karma of beings. The Divine is indirectly responsible even for the pain and suffering of the world. He is the lord of the world and guides it, though He is unaffected by its oppositions.