Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 192

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

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CHAPTER 10
God is the Source of All; to Know Him is to Know All


The Immanence and Transcendence of God
sribhagavan uvaca
1. bhuya eva mandbaho
srnu me paramam uvaca
yat te 'ham priyarnanaya
vakyami hitakdmyaya
The Blessed Lord said
(1) Again, 0 Mighty-armed (Arjuna), hearken to My supreme word. From a desire to do thee good, I will declare it to thee, now that thou art taking delight (in My words).
Pr yatnanaya may also be rendered "who art beloved."

2. na me viduh suraganah
prabhavam na maharsavah
aham adir' hi devanam
maharsinam ca sarvasah
(2) Neither the hosts of gods nor the great sages know any origin of Me for I am the source of the gods and the great sages in every way
sarvasah; in every way; sarvaprakdraih. S.
The Supreme is the unborn eternal and He is also the lord of the world. Though He has no birth, all existences derive from Him. The teacher announces that He is in truth the Eternal God Himself, more ancient than all else and that all manifested glory is from Him.

3. vo Main ajam anadim
ca vetti lokamahesvaram
asammudhah sa martyesu
sarvapapaih pralnucyate
(3) He who knows Me, the unborn, without beginning also the mighty lord of the worlds, he, among mortals is undeluded and freed from all sins when we learn to look at things as derived from the one Transcendent Reality, we are delivered from all groping and bewilderment.

4. buddhir jnadnanm asammohah
ksrma satyam damah samah
sukham duhkham bravo 'bhavo
bhayam ca 'bhayam eva ca
(4) Understanding, knowledge, freedom from bewilderment, patience, truth, self-control and calmness ; pleasure and pain, existence and non-existence, fear and fearlessness. dama: self-control is quietude of the external senses. sama: calmness It is calmness of inner spirit.

5. ahimsa samata tustis
tapo danam yaso 'yasah
bhavanti bhava bhutanam
matta eva prthagvidhah
(5) Non-violence, equal-mindedness, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and ill-fame (are) the different states of beings which proceed from Me alone.
ahimsa: non-violence; in old texts it means non-hurting, especially non-killing. All these separate states of being issue in accordance with the past karma of beings.[1] The Divine is indirectly responsible even for the pain and suffering of the world. He is the lord of the world and guides it, though He is unaffected by its oppositions.

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References and Context

  1. savakarmanurupena S.

Related Articles

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
Chapter Chapter Name Page No.
Introductory Essay 1
1. The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna 63
2. Samkhya Theory and Yoga Practice 79
3. Karma Yoga or the Method of Work 107
4. The Way of Knowledge 124
5. True Renunciation 143
6. The True Yoga 152
7. God and the World 168
8. The Course of Cosmic Evolution 176
9. The Lord is more than His Creation 181
10. God is the Source of All; to Know Him is to Know All 192
11. The Lord's Transfiguration 200
12. Worship of the Personal Lord is better than meditation of the Absolute 211
13. The Body called the Field, the Soul called the Knower of the Field and Discrimination between them 215
14. The Mystical Father oF All Beings 222
15. The Tree of Life 227
16. The Nature of the Godlike and the Demoniac Mind 231
17. The Three Modes Applied to Religious Phenomena 235
18. Conclusion 239
19. Last Page 254