Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 124

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

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CHAPTER 4
The Way of Knowledge


The Tradition of Jnana Yoga
sribhagavan uvaca
1. imam vivasvate yogam
proktavan aham avyayam vivasvan manave Praha manur ikvãkave 'bravit
The Blessed Lord said:
(1.) I proclaimed this imperishable yoga to Vivasva.n ; Vivasvan told it to Man and Man spoke it to iksvaku.[1]
2. evam paralhparaprafitam
imam rajarsayo viduh
sa kalene 'ha mahata
yogo nastah pararhtapa
(2) Thus handed down from one to another the royal sages knew it till that yoga was lost to the world through long lapse of time, 0 Oppressor of the foe (Arjuna)
rayarsayah. royal sages. Rama, Krsna and Buddha were all princes who taught the highest wisdom.
kalena mahata: by the great efflux of time. This teaching has become obscured by the lapse of ages. To renovate the faith for the welfare of humanity, great teachers arise. Krsna now gives it to his pupil to reawaken faith in him and illumine his ignorance.
A tradition is authentic when it evokes an adequate response to the reality represented by it. It is valid, when our minds thrill and vibrate to it. When it fails to achieve this end, new teachers arise to rekindle it.


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References and Context

  1. Cp. M. B .santiparva: 348 51-52 tretayugadau ca tato vivasvan manave dadau manus ca lokabhrtyartham suzayeksvakave dadau slesvakuna ca kathuo vyapya lokan avasthitah

Related Articles

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
Chapter Chapter Name Page No.
Introductory Essay 1
1. The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna 63
2. Samkhya Theory and Yoga Practice 79
3. Karma Yoga or the Method of Work 107
4. The Way of Knowledge 124
5. True Renunciation 143
6. The True Yoga 152
7. God and the World 168
8. The Course of Cosmic Evolution 176
9. The Lord is more than His Creation 181
10. God is the Source of All; to Know Him is to Know All 192
11. The Lord's Transfiguration 200
12. Worship of the Personal Lord is better than meditation of the Absolute 211
13. The Body called the Field, the Soul called the Knower of the Field and Discrimination between them 215
14. The Mystical Father oF All Beings 222
15. The Tree of Life 227
16. The Nature of the Godlike and the Demoniac Mind 231
17. The Three Modes Applied to Religious Phenomena 235
18. Conclusion 239
19. Last Page 254