Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 254

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan


samjaya uvaca
74. 'ity aham vasudevasya
parthasya ca mahatrmanah
samjaya imam asrausam
adbhutarh romaharsanam
Samjaya said :
(74.) Thus have I heard this wonderful dialogue between Vasudeva (Krsna) and the high-souled Partha (Arjuna) causing my hair to stand on end

75. vyasaprasadac chrutavcin
clad guhyam aham param
yogam yogesvarat krsnat
saksat kathayatah svayam
(75) By the grace of Vyasa, I heard this supreme secret, this yoga taught by Krsna himself, the Lord of yoga, in person
Vyasa granted to Samjaya the power to see and hear from a distance all that transpired on the battlefield so that he might report the events to the blind King Dhrtarastra.

76. rajah saaiasnirtya-sarnsmrtya
samvadam imam adbhutam
keavarjunayoi punyam
hrsyami ca muhur-muhuh
(76) 0 King, as I recall again and again this dialogue, wondrous and holy ; of Kesava (Krsna) and Arjuna, I thrill with joy again and again.

77. tac ca samsmrtya-samsmytya
rupam atyadbkutam hareh
vismayo me mahan rajan
hrsyami ca punah-punah
(77) And as often as I recall that most wondrous form of Hari (Krsna), great is my astonishment, O King, and I thrill with joy again and again. samsmytya, samsmrtya: as often as I recall. The dialogue of Krsna and Arjuna and the fact of God are not philosophical proposi tions but are spiritual facts. We do not learn their meaning by simply recounting them but by dwelling upon them in a spirit of prayer and meditation

78. yatra yogesvarah krsn
yatra partho dhanurdhara,
tatra srir vijayo bhutir
dhruva nitir matir mama
(78) Wherever there is Krsna, the lord of yoga, and Partha (Arjuna), the archer, I think, there will surely be fortune, victory, welfare and morality. The teaching of the Gita is yoga and the teacher is yogesvara When the human soul becomes enlightened and united with the Divine, fortune and victory, welfare and morality are assured. We are called upon to unite vision (yoga) and energy (dhanuh) and not allow the former to degenerate into madness or the latter into savagery. "The great centralities of religion," as Baron Von Hugel loved to call them, the tremendous facts of life divine are yoga, the realization of God through worship and entire submission to His will and dhanuh or active participation in the furtherance of the cosmic plan. Spiritual vision and social service should go together. The double purpose of human life, personal perfection and social efficiency is indicated here.[1] When Plato prophesied that there would be no good government in the world until philosophers became kings, he meant that human perfection was a sort of marriage between high thought and just action. This, according to the Gita, must be, for ever, the aim of man.
iti . . . moksasamnyasayogo nama 'stadaso 'dhyayah iti srimadbhagavadgita upanisadah samaptah
This is the eighteenth chapter entitled The Yoga of Release by Renunciation.
Here the Bhagavadgita- Upanisad ends


References and Context

  1. Cp "That holy world I fain would know, wherein the priesthood and the kingship move together in one accord." Vajasaneyi Sarichita XX., 5.

Related Articles

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
Chapter Chapter Name Page No.
Introductory Essay 1
1. The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna 63
2. Samkhya Theory and Yoga Practice 79
3. Karma Yoga or the Method of Work 107
4. The Way of Knowledge 124
5. True Renunciation 143
6. The True Yoga 152
7. God and the World 168
8. The Course of Cosmic Evolution 176
9. The Lord is more than His Creation 181
10. God is the Source of All; to Know Him is to Know All 192
11. The Lord's Transfiguration 200
12. Worship of the Personal Lord is better than meditation of the Absolute 211
13. The Body called the Field, the Soul called the Knower of the Field and Discrimination between them 215
14. The Mystical Father oF All Beings 222
15. The Tree of Life 227
16. The Nature of the Godlike and the Demoniac Mind 231
17. The Three Modes Applied to Religious Phenomena 235
18. Conclusion 239
19. Last Page 254