Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 210

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

The Lord's Transfiguration

51. drstve 'dam mcanusarn rupam
lava saumyam j an ardana
idanim asmi samvrttah
sacetah prakrtim gatah
Arjuna said :
(51) Beholding again this Thy gracious human form, 0 Janardana (Krsna), I have now become collected in mind and am restored to my normal nature.

sribhagavan uvaca
52. sudurdarsam idam rupam
drstavan asi yan mama
deva apy asya rupasya
nityam dsanakanaksinah
The Blessed Lord said :
(52) This form of Mine which is indeed very hard to see, thou hast seen. Even the gods are ever eager to see this form.

53. na 'ham vedair na tapasa
na danena na ce 'jyaya
akya evarhvidho drastum
drstavan asi mam yatha
(53) In the form in which thou bast seen Me now, I cannot be seen either by the Vedas or by austerities or by gifts or by sacrifices.
This verse is a repetition of XI, 48.

54. bhaktya tv ananyaya
sakya aham evamvidho
'rjuna jnatuth drastum ca
tattvena pravesturn ca pararhtapa
(54) But by unswerving devotion to Me, O Arjuna, I can be thus known, truly seen and entered into, 0 Oppressor of the foe (Arjuna)S. defines an ideal devotee as one who, realizes by all the senses only one object, God[1] He adores God with all his spirit and heart.[2] Saksatkara or the direct perception of the divine form is possible for the true devotees.

55. matkarmakrn matparamo
madbhaktah sangavarjitah
nirvairah sarvabhutesu
,yah sa mam eti pandava
(55) He who does work for Me, he who looks upon Me as his goal, he who worships Me, free from attachment, he who is free from enmity to all creatures, he goes to Me, 0 Pandava (Arjuna). This is the essence of bhakti. See XII, 13. This verse is the substance of the whole teaching of the Gita.[3] We must carry out our duties, directing the spirit to God and with detachment from all interest in the things of the world and free from enmity towards any living being.
Whatever be our vocation and character, whether we are creative thinkers or contemplative poets or humble men and women with no special gifts, if we possess the one great gift of the love of God, we become God's tools, the channels of His love and purpose when this vast world of living spirits becomes attuned to God and exists only to do His will, the purpose of man is achieved The Gita does not end after the tremendous experience of the celestial vision. The great secret of the Transcendental Atrnan, the source of all that is and yet itself unmoved for ever is seen. The Supreme is the background for the never-ending procession of finite things. Arjuna has seen this truth but he has to live in it by transmuting his whole nature into the willing acceptance of the Divine. A fleeting vision, however vivid and permanent its effects may be, is not complete attainment. The search for abiding reality, the quest of final truth cannot end, in emotional satisfaction or fitful experience.
.. visvarupadar anayogo namai 'kadaso 'dhyayah

This is the eleventh chapter entitled The Vision of the Cosmic Form.


References and Context

  1. sarvair api karanaih vusudevad anyan nopalabhyate yaya sa ananyd bhakti .
  2. madbhaktah mam eva sarvaprakaraih, sarvatmana, sarvotsiahena bhajate.
  3. strasyaeistrasya sarabhuto'rthah.