Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 144

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

True Renunciation

3. jneyah sa mtyasamnyasi
yo na dvesti na kanksati
mrdvandvoduo hi naha bahbah
sukham bandhat pramucyate
(3) He who neither loathes nor desires should be known as one who has ever the spirit of renunciation ; for free from dualities he is released easily, 0 Mighty-armed (Arjuna), from bondage
nityasamnyasi: one who has ever the spirit of renunciation. The true worker (karmayogin) is also the true renouncer (nityam sathnyasin), for he does his work in a detached spirit[1]

4. sarnkhyayogau prthag balah
pravadanti na pane tah
ekam apy ; sthitala samyag
ubhayor vindate phalam
(4) The ignorant speak of renunciation (samkhyair) and practice of works (Yoga) as different, not the wise He who applies himself well to one, gets the fruit of both In this chapter, Yoga means karyayoge and Samkhya means the intellectual way with renunciation of works.

5. yate samkhyaih prapyate
sthanam tad yogair api
gamyate ekam samkhyam ca
yoga ca yeah pasyati sa pasyati
(5) The status which is obtained by men of renunciation is reached by men of action also. He who sees that the ways of renunciation and of action are one, he sees (truly)
5(b) appears elsewhere in the MB, .Santiparva, 305, 19, 316, 4.[2] The true renouncer is not he who remains completely inactive but he whose work is done in a spirit of detachment. Renunciation is a mental attitude, the casting-off of desire in work ; true work is work with all desire renounced. There is not any opposition between the two, Cp. "When actions are performed by the wise man or the fool, the body (that is the external act) is the same but the inward understanding is different.[3] M.B says that the Bhagavata religion is equal in merit to the Samkhya religion. "[4]


References and Context

  1. sa karmani pravritopi nityam samnyasiti jneyah i. Madhusudana.
  2. Cp. yad eva yogam pasyanti tat samkhyair apt drsyate edam samkhyam ca yogam ca yah pasyati sa tattvavit.
  3. prajnasya murkhasya ca karyayoge samatvam abhyeth tanur na buddhih.--•-Avimara, V, 5.
  4. saynkhyayagena tulyo hi dharma ekantasevitah.Santiparva, 348, 71.