Karma Yoga Sastra -Tilak
The sixth and the seventh means are ' arthavada ' and ' upapatti '. ' Arthavada is a technical term of the Mimamsa school . Although the thing about which a statement is to be made or the fact which is to be proved is fixed, the writer nevertheless, deals with many other things as occasion arises, whether by way of illustration or by way of comparison in the course of the argument, and whether for showing consistency or for showing the similarity or the difference, or in order to support his own side by showing the faults of the opposite side, or for the sake of grace or as an exaggeration, or by way of stating the previous history of the question, or for some other reason, with the idea of supplementing the argument, and sometimes without any reason whatsoever. The statements, which are made by the writer on such occasions, are given by way of glorification merely or of further elucidation or are only supplemental, though they might not be totally irrelevant to the subject-matter to be proved ; and therefore, it is not certain that such statements are always true.*
One may even say that the writer is not particularly careful to see whether or not the statements made in the- arthavada, are literally true ; and therefore, one is not justified in looking upon the statements made in an arthavada, as authoritative, that is to say, as indicating the conclusions arrived at by the writer with reference to the various subject- matters in it. Looking upon them as pure glorifications, that is to say, as hollow, irrelevant, or mere praise, the Mimamsa writers call them ' arthavada ', and they do not take into account these statements in determining the final conclusion to be drawn from the work. Even after all this, one has still to sea ultimately the upapatti. ' Upapatti ' or ' upapadana ' is the name given to the refuting of all things which would prove the contrary case and the subsequent logical and systematic martialling of things, which support one's own case,, when you are proving a particular point.
References And Context
- (Jai.-Su. 1. 2. 1-18 )