Karma Yoga Sastra -Tilak
THE CONSIDERATION OF HAPPINESS AND UNHAPPINESS
Whatever the nature of the Action, when one does not give up the Desire to do it, nor also one's activity, but goes on performing whatever one wants to do, being equally prepared "for the resulting pain or happiness, with an aloof frame of mind, and without entertaining the hope for the result, not only does one eseape the evil effects due to non-control of Thirst or discontent, but also the danger of the world becoming desolate as a result of Action being destroyed in the attempt to destroy Thirst; and all our mental impulses remain pure and become beneficial to all created beings. It is clear beyond doubt that , in order in this way to be able to give up the hope for the result, one must obtain perfect control over the mind and over the organs by means of Apathy (vairagya). But, there is a world of difference between (i) keeping one's organs under control and allowing them to perform their various activities, not for a sel- fish purpose, but apathetically and desirelessly and for the wel- -fare of others, on the one hand, and (ii) deliberately destroying all Actions, that is to say, all the activities of the various organs in order to kill Thirst, as prescribed by the Path of Renunciation, on the other hand. The Apathy and Control, of the organs prescribed by the Gita is of the first kind and not of the second kind ; and in the same way, in the conversation between Janaka and the Brahmin in the Anugita  the king Janaka says to Dharma, who had appeared to him in the form of a Brahmin that :
srnu buddhim ca yam jna va sarvatra visayo mama II naham atmartham icchami gandhan ghranagatan apt, I
naham atmartham icchami mano nityam manontare I mano me nirjitam tasmad vase tisthat sarvada ll
that is, "I will describe to you that apathetic frame of mind (vairagya) with which I enjoy all objects of pleasure. I do not 'for myself smell any scent, nor do I not 'for myself see any- thing with my eyes etc ; and I do not also put to use my mini for my Self (atmartha), that is, for my own benefit ; therefore,. I have conquered my nose (eyes etc.) and my mind, and they are all under my control ".
References And Context
- ( Ma. Bha. Asva. 32, 17-23 )