One's own duty of fighting in the battle, seems one of cruelty and violence, but actually a Ksatriya doing his duty incurs no sin. It means, that a person who discharges his duty in accordance with the ordinance of scriptures, incurs no sin. He incurs sin, only when he performs actions, with selfishness and pride, in order to harm others.
Human life, is successful only, when a person without being attached to the body and life-breath, performs actions according to ordinances of scriptures, for God-realization.
Om tatsadiri irimadhhagavadgltiisapanisatsu hrahmavidyayarih
yogasastre srikrsnarjunasamvade daivasurasampadvibhagayogo
Thus with the words, Om, Tat, Sat, the names of the Lord, in the Upanisad of the Bhagavadgita, the knowledge of Brahma, the supreme, the scripture of Yoga and the dialogue between Sri Krsna and Arjuna, this the sixteenth discourse is designated:
The Yoga of Division, between the Divine and the Demoniacal.
This chapter is designated Daivasurasampadvibhagayoga' (The Yoga of Division between the Divine and the Demoniacal), because in this chapter, there is a description of the two contrary natures - the divine and the demoniac. The former nature, leads to salvation, while the latter leads to bondage, low wombs and hell. A striver, who knows the two, in the tight perspective, renounces demoniac nature. As soon as, he renounces demoniac traits, divine nature is automatically revealed, in him; and with the revelation of the divine nature, he realizes that he has connection, only with God.
Words, letters and Uvaca (said) in the Sixteenth Chapter
- In this chapter in 'Atha sodaso'dhyaynb' there are three words, in 'gnbhagavanuvaca', there are two words, in verses, there are two hundred and eighty-seven words and there are thirteen concluding words. Thus the total number of words is three hundred and five only.
- In this chapter in 'Atha sodasodhyayah' there are seven letters, in 'Snbhagavanuvsca' there are seven letters, in verses, - there are seven hundred and sixty-eight letters and there are fifty-two concluding letters. Thus, the total number of letters, is eight hundred and thirty-four only.
- In this chapter, the term 'Uvaca' (said) has been used once and that is 'Srtbhagavanuvaca'.
Metres Used in the Sixteenth Chapter
Out of the twenty-four verses, of this chapter in the first quarter of the sixth verse, in the third quarter of the tenth verse, and in the first quarter of the twenty-second verse, 'ma-gang' being used there, is 'ma-vipula' metre; in the third quarter of the eleventh, thirteenth and nineteenth verses, 'na-gana being used there is 'na-vipula metre. The remaining eighteen verses have the characteristics of right 'pathyavaktra' Anustup metre.