The Lord, calls such strivers exceedingly dear to Him, while He calls enlightened devotees only dear to Him. Why?
- The enlightened devotees, have attained perfection or God-realization; but strivers even without realizing Him, hold Him as their supreme goal.
- Perfect devotees, are like His grownup (wise) sons, while strivers are like His small innocent sons, (Manasa 3/4314). As a baby is loving to everyone, so is a striver, loving to God.
- The Lord, becomes free from the debt of perfect devotees, by enabling them to have His vision, while He holds that He is indebted to the strivers, because He has not yet enabled, them to behold Him. So, He declares, that they are exceedingly dear, to Him.
om tatsadin srimadbhagavadgitasapaninosu brahmavidydyayam
yogasastre srikrsnarjunasmrivade bhaktiyoga nama dvddaso dhydyah
Thus with Om, Tat, Sat the names of the Lord, in the Upanisad of the Bhagavadgita, the knowledge of Brahma, the supreme, the scripture of Yoga and the dialogue between Sri Krsna and Arjuna, this the twelfth discourse is designated: "The Yoga of Devotion
In this chapter, the Lord, having described devotion to God with different means to realize Him, has mentioned the marks of enlightened devotees. Moreover, this chapter begins with devotion and also ends with devotion. In the third, the fourth and the fifth verses, there is description of the Discipline of Knowledge, in order to prove the superiority of devotion to knowledge, by comparing them. So the chapter has been entitled "The Yoga of Devotion."
Words, letters and Uvaca (said) in the Twelfth Chapter
- In this chapter, in 'Atha dvadaso'dhyayah' there are three words, in 'Arjuna Uvaca' etc., there are four words, in verses, there are two hundred and forty-four words and there are thirteen concluding words. Thus the total number of words, is two hundred and sixty-four.
- In this chapter in 'Atha dvadaio'dhyayah' there are seven letters, in 'Arjuna Uvaca' etc., there are thirteen letters, in verses, there are six hundred and forty letters and there are forty-five concluding letters. Thus the total number of letters, is seven hundred and five. In this chapter in each verse, there are thirty-two letters.
- In this chapter the term 'Uvaca' (said) has been used twice 'Arjuna Uvaca', once and 'Sribhagavanuvaca', once. Metres Used in the Twelfth Chapter
Out of the twenty verses of this chapter, in the third quarter of the ninth verse 'bha-gana', being used there is 'bha-vipula' metre; in the third quarter of the nineteenth verse 'na-gana' being used there, is 'na-vipula' metre; in the first quarter of the twentieth verse 'na-gana' and in the third quarter 'bha-gana, being used there, is 'sainhirna-vipula' metre. The remaining seventeen verses are possessed of the characteristics of right 'pathyavaktra', Anustup metre.