Krishn / Krishna / Krushna / Krsna s an ancient Indian king and a Hindu deity, worshipped across many traditions of Hinduism in a variety of different perspectives. According to Sanatan Dharma (sanātana), Lord Vishnu is the purest eternal liberator of mankind and an important deity. In Hinduism Lord Krishna is believed to be Lord Vishnu’s incarnation. Lord Krishna was not a common man but soul of the era. Not only did India got a talented politician but a great philosopher whose knowledge of Gita is a guide to all mankind. Lord Krishna is praised all over India in some form or another. People who are atheist or indifferent towards religion are surely influenced by Gita. Who wrote Gita and when was it said or written is a topic of research but is linked to Lord Krishna only. It is a question of belief and as such, these questions are not enquired in history.

Makhanchor Krishna

Lord Krishna's time is of high importance in Braj or Shursen's history. During this time, there were struggles between democracy and the royals; kingdom of Magadha became stronger and there was the fierce battle of Mahabharat. Despite of these political turbulences, this time has cultural importance as well.

Mathura city was blessed as it is the birth place of Lord Krishna. Not only Mathura but whole of Braj was filled with pride to be the playground for Krishna and witness his charm. The importance which Mathura and Braj has is truly because of the birth of Krishna here. Shri Krishna is the source of “Bhagwat Dharma”. It has not only given delight to crores of Indians but has also impressed foreigners. A large part of history is filled with Krishna’s charm. His influence on the mind of Indians is permanent.

According to present researches, Krishna was born approximately 1500 B.C. He lived for a little more than 100 years. He kept very busy in his long lifespan. He spent his early years in Braj and rest of them in Dwarka. In between he travelled to many places. Detailed accounts of different incidents which occurred during his lifetime are mentioned in Mahabharat and other ancient scripts. There are very few references of Krishna in Vedic history and in that he is seen as human and not an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

History and Archeology

Krishna Arjuna

According to Damodar Dharmanand Kosambi, the only archeological proof of Krishna is his weapon, the Chakra, thrown by hand. It was extremely sharp and even slaughtered heads. It is not a Vedic weapon and it was discontinued before Buddha; but in a cave drawing in Mirzapur district a carter is shown attacking tribal men (who drew this picture). Probably the time was 800 B.C. i.e. when Varanasi was first established.

The carters must have been Aryans and might have come to find grains and minerals – the haematite with which these cave pictures are drawn. On the other hand, in Rigveda, Krishna is said to be a demon and Indra’s enemy and his name relating to the dark toned pre-aryan people. The root-chakra of “Krishnakhyaan” is that he was a brave warrior and the male-deity of the Yadu tribe (Yadu is one of the five main tribes mentioned in Rigveda). But singers of Vedic hymns , accordingly to the continuous group fights among tribes of Punjab, have sometimes cursed and sometimes blessed Krishna. He is “Saatvat”, Andhak-Vrashni and was raised in Gokul to save him from his maternal uncle, Kansa. These transitions linked him to “Aabheer” who were the ancient herdsmen in early centuries of Christ and ancestors of present “Aheer”. It was a prediction that Kansa was to be killed by his nephew, his sister Devaki’s son. So Devaki along with her husband, Vasudev, were put in jail. Krishna grew up in Gokul as Vasudev’s son, protected herds of cows from Indra and also chased away , but didn’t kill, the vicious multi-headed snake Kalia who took hold of the route to a convenient Yamuna’s channel. At that time he and his elder and stronger brother, Balram, defeated the men of Kansa in a wrestling competition. It is important to note here that in some ancient communities, sister’s son was the heir and usually uncle was sacrificed by the nephew. These ancient communities thereby provide a good support for Kansa’s death. It also clears the fact that 'यह भी स्पष्ट होता है कि मातृस्थानक समाज में ईडिपस-आख्यान का क्या रूप हो जाता'.