Book 5: Chapter 26
Srimad Bhagvata Mahapurana: Book 5: Chapter 26: Verses 18-26
Again, he who eats here whatever comes to him, without sharing it (with others) and without performing the five (kinds of daily) sacrifices (obligatory on a householder) has been likened to a crow and falls hereafter into the worst of (all) hells, called Krmibhojana. Born as a worm in a pool full of worms, a hundred thousand Yojanas in extent, the fellow who (thus) ate food a part of which had neither been given to others nor offered as oblation to fire lives there on worms, himself preyed upon (in his turn) by those very worms, and subjects himself to (suffers) tortures for as many years as there are Yojanas constituting the extent of that pool, unless the sin was already expiated by him (during his very lifetime). Again, the servants of Yama, O king (Pariksit), tear hereafter (in the hell called Sarhdarnsa) with red-hot balls of iron or pairs of nippers the skin of the man who actually takes away here by theft or force gold or jewels etc., belonging to a Brahmana or, otherwise than in an emergency warranting such a course, (even) to another. Again, thrashing with a whip hereafter (in the hell called Taptasurmi) the man who actually copulates with a woman, unworthy of being so used, and the woman, who unites sexually with a man unworthy of being so approached, the servants of Yama force the man to embrace a red-hot iron image (of a woman) and the woman, a similar image of a male.
And him who actually commits here sexual intercourse (indiscriminately) with all (including animals), when he reaches the infernal region (called Vajrakantakasalmali) hereafter, they place on a silk-cotton tree bristling with adamantine thorns and (then) drag him (down along the thorns so as to tear his body). Again, those Ksatriyas (men belonging to the ruling class) or officers of a king who transgress here the bounds of piety (as prescribed by the Vedas), even though they have not embraced a heretic creed (and still profess the Vedic religion), fall on their death into (the river called) Vaitarani for having violated restrictions (imposed by religion). Being gnawed in that river-which serves as a most round (the region of) hell and carries in its flood ordure, urine, pus, blood, hair, nails, bones, fat, flesh and marrow-by hosts of aquatic animals here and there, yet not disunited from their body or life and sustained by their own sin, they feel (greatly) distressed by the thought of the (bitter) fruits of their (evil) deeds. Again, they too, who having kept here a low-caste woman (though themselves born of a noble pedigree) and cast to the winds (all) purity, pious conduct and restrictions (about food etc.), lead the life of a beast, abandoning all shame, fall after death into an oceanlike pond (called Puyoda), full to the brim with pus, faeces, urine, phlegm and dirt, and feed exclusively on that most detestable stuff. Again, the servants of Yama pierce (in the hell called Prananirodha) with arrows, as a target, those Brahmanas and others, on their death, who, rearing dogs and donkeys here and taking delight in chase, actually kill animals otherwise than as enjoined (by the scriptures). Again, those in charge of the infernal region (the officers of Yama) put to (great) torture and (then) hack to pieces in the other world those hypocrites who actually slaughter animals here in sacrifices performed for mere show (to deceive others), when they fall into the infernal region called Vaisasa (Visasana). Again, they throw into a river of semen (the hell known by the name of Lalabhaksa), in the other world, that sinful Dwija (a member of the twice-born classes) who, blinded by passion, actually causes his wife, belonging to the same caste (as his own), to drink (his) semen here, and make her drink his fill of that semen.
- It is laid down in our scriptures that householder should take his meal only after he has fed a stranger waiting at this door, the servants of his household, the yound children and the aged of the family, married sisters and daughters and so on.
- The five kinds of daily sacrifices enjoined on a householder are given in a nutshell in the following couplet of the Manusmrti :- (111.70-71) They are :-(1) Brahmayajna or propitiation of the Psis (to whom we owe all our knowledge, both temporal and spiritual), consisting in teaching and chanting the Vedas and thus sharing with others the benefits of the knowledge bequeathed to us by the Rsis; (2) Pitryajna or acknowledgment of our debt to the departed ancestors including the eternal Pitrs in the form of Tarpana or pouring water for their gratification; (3) Daivayajna or propitiation of the gods through Homa or pouring oblations into the sacred fire in their name: (4) Bhutayajna or acknowledgment of our debt to the sub-human creation by offering a portion of the daily meal to all creatures; and (5) Nryajna or worship of our fellow-beings, which consists in offering homage to a stranger who calls at our door by feeding and affording shelter to him.