Srimad Bhagvata Mahapurana Book 4 Chapter 1:32-55

Book 4: Chapter 1

Srimad Bhagvata Mahapurana: Book 4: Chapter 1: Verses 32-55
The Progeny of Swayambhuva Manus Daughters

Having thus granted the boon sought after by him, and duly worshipped by the Brahmana couple (Atri and his wife), the three Rulers of the gods returned thence (each to His own abode) even as the couple stood looking on with wide open eyes. The moon-god was born with a portion of Brahma, while Dattatreya, a Master of Yoga, appeared with a ray of Lord Visnu and the sage Durvasa represented a portion of Lord Sankara. (Now) hear of the progeny of the sage Angira (another mind-born son of Brahma). Angira's wife, Sraddha, gave birth to four daughters-Sinivali, Kuhu and Raka, Anumati being the fourth.[1] Besides these, they had a couple of sons too, who attained celebrity in the Swarocisa(next) Manvantara-the really worshipful Utathya and the sage Brhaspati (the preceptor of the gods), who was the foremost of the knowers of Brahma. Pulastya (the fourth mind-born son of Brahma) begot through his wife, Havirbhu, the sage Agastya, who took the form of the gastrai fire in his next incarnation; and the great ascetic Visrava was his second son. Of the latter was born the (celebrated) god Kubera (the god of riches), the lord of the Yaksas (a class of demigods), son of Idavida; while (the world-renowned demons) Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Vibhisana were born to his other wife (Kesini). Pulaha's virtuous wife, Gati, bore three sons-Karmasrestha, Variyan and Sahisnu, O talented Vidura. Even so Kratu's wife, Kriya, brought forth sixty-thousand sages collectively khown as the Valakhiiyas, all burning with spiritual glow appropriate to a Brahmana. By (his wife) urja, O chastiser of enemies, Vasistha (the seventh son of Brahma) had seven sons, Citraketu and others, who all turned out to be pure-hearted Brahmana sages. They were Citraketu, Suroci, Viraja, Mitra, Ulbana, Vasubhrdyana and Dyuman. He had other sons too, Sakti and soon (by another wife). Atharva's wife, citti (Santi), got a son, Dadhici, also known as Aswasira, who had taken a vow of austere penance. (Now) hear from me of Bhrgu's race. The illustrious sage Bhrgu begot through his wife, Khyati, two sons, Dhata and Vidhata, and a daughter named Sri (a part manifestation of goddess Laksmi), who was devoted to the Lord. The sage Meru severally gave away his two daughters, Ayati and Niyati, to these (two sons of Bhrgu). By them (Ayati and Niyati) Dhata and Vidhata severally had (two sons) Mrkanda and Praha. (The celebrated sage) Markandeya was the son of Mrkanda,. while the sage Vedasira was sprung from the loins of Praha. The sage Bhrgu had one more son, Kavi by name, who had the worshipful Usana (the sage Sukracarya, the preceptor of the demons), for his son. The above-mentioned sages too (in their turn) peopled the (different) worlds with their descendants, O Vidura. I have thus given you an account of the progeny of Kardama's grandsons (daughters' sons), which is the best and quickest means of driving away the sins of a man who would listen to it with reverence. Daksa, another (mind-born) son of Brahma, accepted the hand of Prasuti, (the third) daughter of Swayambhuva Manu (as already mentioned in verse 11 above), and through her he begot sixteen fair-eyed daughters. Daksa gave away thirteen (of them) to Dharma (the god of piety), another to Agni (the fire god), still another to (all) the Pitrs (manes) combined and the last one to Bhava (Lord Siva), who cuts asunder the bonds of worldly life. Sraddha, Maitri, Daya, Santi, Tusti, Pusti, Kriya, Unnati; Buddhi, Medha, Titiksa, Hri and Murti are (the names of) Dharma's wives. (Of these) Sraddha bore Subha; Maitri, Prasada; Daya, Abhaya; Santi, Sukha; Tusti, Mud (a daughter); and Pusti gave birth to Smaya. (Even so) Kriya brought forth Yoga; Unnati, Darpa; Buddhi, Artha; Medha, Smrti (a female child); Titiksa, Ksema; Hri a son called Prasraya.[2] And Murti, who is a mine of all virtues, bore the (divine) sages Nara and Narayana, on (the occasion of) whose descent (on earth) the whole world rejoiced, highly pleased, and the minds (of the people) as well as the quarters, the winds, rivers and mountains (all) became placid and tranquil. Musical instruments played in heaven, showers of flowers rained, sages offered their praises (highly) gratified, the Gandharvas and Kinnaras sang and celestial women danced. (In this way) there was supreme felicity and Brahma (the creator) and all the other divinities waited on the Lord with songs of praised.



  1. Of the four daughters of Aelgira, and Sraddha, Sinivali is the deity presiding over the fourteenth day of a dark fortnight, while Kuhu presides over the fifteenth; even so Raka presides over the full-moon day and Anumati over the fourteenth day of every bright fortnight.
  2. Twelve of the thirteen wives of Dharma are the deities presiding over virtues and mental states and other phenomena of the same name, viz., reverence, friendliness (towards all), compassion, calmness of mind, complacence, prosperity,formal worship, advancement, prudence. intelligence. forbearance and modesty. The progeny of these are also emodiments of similar other virtues, mental states and phenomena which are the direct outcome of the previous ones. They are in order good furtune, placidity, fearlessness, happiness, joy, pride, concentration of mind, arrogance, opulence, understanding, peace of mind and civility.

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