Book 3: Chapter 22
Srimad Bhagvata Mahapurana: Book 3: Chapter 22: Verses 32-39
Having arrived at the city of Barhismati, where the Manu resided, he entered his palace there, which drove away the three types of agony (1. that which proceeds from bodily and mental causes within one's self, 2. that which proceeds from divine or natural causes, and 3. that which is caused by other beings). (There) in the company of his wife and children he enjoyed the pleasures of sense that did not interfere with the pursuit of other objects of human aspiration (viz., Dharma, Artha and Moksa). At daybreak (everyday) celestial musicians along with their wives sang in chorus his fair renown; but with a loving heart he listened to the stories of Sri Hari alone. Although Swayambhuva Manu was a past master in the art of creating objects of sense-enjoyment, the latter could not in the least drag him down (from his exalted mood), devoted as he was to the Lord and given to contemplation. Consequently his hours, that gradually brought to an end his long life consisting of a whole Manvantara, were not spent in vain, engaged as he ever was in listening to, contemplating on, composing and narrating the stories of Lord Visnu. Having transcended the threefold destinies (brought about by the preponderance of any one of the three Gunas-Sattva, Rajas and Tamas), he thus spent the whole of his Manvantara consisting of seventy-one rounds of the four Yugas (Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali) in pursuits connected with Lord Vasudeva (such as meditation on His divine Form, chanting His names and virtues etc., and worshipping His images and so on). How can bodily and mental troubles and those attributable to some divine or human agency or to other living beings, O Vidura (son of Vyasa), afflict him who has sought refuge with Sri Hari? I have thus narrated to you the wonderful story of the first king, Swayambhuva Manu, who deserved all praise and who in reply to the questions asked by certain sages taught the diverse sacred duties of men in general as well as of the different Varnas (grades of society) and Mramas (stages in life) in particular, friendly disposed as he was to all living beings. Now hear of the glory of his daughter (Devahuti).
Thus ends the twenty-second discourse in Book Three of the great and glorious Bhagavata-Purana, otherwise known as the Paramahamsa-Samhita.
- The threefold destiny referred to above is the same as has been mentioned by the Lord in the following verse of Srimad Bhagavadgita-- (XIV. 18) Those who abide in the quality of Sattva (harmony) rise upwards (to heaven and other spheres); while those of a Rajasika disposition stay in the middle (in the terrestrial region). And those of a Tamasika temperament, enveloped as they are in the Tamoguna (dullness), sink down to the abysmal depths of hell.'