Book 11: Chapter 11
Srimad Bhagvata Mahapurana: Book 11: Chapter 11: Verses 9-20
Remaining unaffected-  while the objects of sense-which are no other than modifications of the three Gunas are being apprehended by the senses, (which are) modifications of the (same) Gunas, he who is enlightened does not feel that he is apprehending them. *(On the other hand he feels that it is the Gunas themselves in the form of the senses that apprehend their objects, which are made up of the same substance). Functioning in this body controlled by his Prarabdha (destiny), the ignorant Jiva, (however) remains tied to it through the (egotistic) notion that he is the agent, as a result of actions which are (actually) being performed by the indriyas (which are the modifications of the three Gunas and as such identical with them).Thus remaining free from passion while (lying) in bed, sitting, moving about, bathing, seeing, touching, smelling, eating and hearing etc., and allowing the (three) Gunas (in the form of the senses) to enjoy the various objects of the senses, the enlightened soul does not get bound (by such actions) like the ignorant man. Though continuing in his psycho-physical organism (which is a modification of Prakrti) he remains unattached to it like the sky, the sun (which remains unattached to the water in which it is reflected) or the wind (which remains unattached even though blowing everywhere). With (all) his doubts resolved by (the sword of) his penetrating intellect whetted by (all-round) detachment he turns away from the sense of diversity, even as one who has woke up from a dream turns away from it. He whose vital, organic, mental and intellectual functions are absolutely free from deliberate thought remains as a matter of fact altogether unfettered by the three Gunas operating through his body, though dwelling in it. A wise man is he who is not (adversely or agreeably) affected when his body is tormented by mischievous persons or by chance treated somewhat with honour by someone at some place. The sage who has transcended (the sense of) good and evil and sees equality (everywhere) would neither praise those that do or say (anything) good nor censure those who do or say (anything) evil. Revelling in his self, a man given to contemplation should neither do nor contem-plate nor speak anything good or evil and should roam about like a stupid fellow and live in the aforesaid manner. 'Compare Srimad Bhagavadgita III " He however, who has true insight into the respective spheres of the (three) Gunas (modes of Prakrti) and their actions, holding (as he does) that it is the Gunas (in the shape of the senses, mind etc.,) that move among the Gunas (objects of perception), does not get attached to them, Arjuna !" Cf. S$rimad Bhagavadgita' "Alt actions are being performed by the modes of Prakrti (primordial Matter). The fool (however), whose mind, is deluded by egotism, thinks: " I am the doer".If one, though well-versed in the Veda (the Supreme revealed in the form of word), has not attained perfection in the Knowledge (realization) of the supreme (Brahma), his labour (on the study of the Vedas) has ended in labour alone like that of a man who tends a dry cow. The man who maintains a cow that has been milked for good (offers no more prospect of yielding milk), a false wife, a body depending (for its support) on another and an unworthy son, nay, who guards wealth which is not bestowed on worthy recipients and cultivates, 0 dear Uddhava ! speech which does not glorify Me reaps misery after misery. A wise man ought not to cultivate such barren speech as does not glorify, 0 dear Uddhava, My purifying activity responsible for the appearance, continuance and extinction of this universe and does not describe My advent (in the form) of Sri Rama, Sri Krsna and so on), which is so dear to the world, among My (numerous) descents taken for the sake of sport.
- This very idea finds expression in the following Sruti text:-