Link:—In the twenty-sixth verse, the Lord talked about the union of Ksetra (Matter) and Ksetrajna (Spirit). There are two ways to be free from this union—realizing one's identity with the Lord, and renouncing one's assumed affinity with Prakrti (Body). The former, has been discussed in the preceding two verses. Now He explains the latter, in the next two verses.
prakrtyaiva ea karmani kriyaman"ani sarvasah
yah pasyati tathatmanamakartaram sa pasyati
He whosees that all actions are performed only by nature (prakrti), and that the self (atma) is not the doer, he verily sees reality. 29
Prakrtyaiva ea karmani kriyamanani sarvasah:- In fact, the self or the Absolute, is equanimous, tranquil and devoid of modifications, while His potency, prakrti, is full of activities. Though prakrti is also said to be devoid of activity, at the time of dissolution, yet on reflection, it becomes clear that it starts its activity in subtle form, towards the creation, at that time, also. That subtle activity, is known as non-activity, because in that state, there is no activity of the creation of the universe. From the beginning of the creation, to its middle, prakrti moves towards creation, while after its middle, it starts moving towards dissolution. If prakrti is said to be inactive, during dissolution and fmal dissolution, how can there be beginning, middle and end of dissolution, and fmal dissolution? It means, that activity goes on in subtle form, even during dissolution. During a state of creation, there is more activity, while during the state of dissolution, there is less activity.
The sun rises in the morning. Its light increases from morning to noon, and decreases, from noon to evening. From evening to midnight, it grows darker, while from midnight to morning, darkness decreases. Actually the juncture of light and darkness is noon, and midnight, nor morning and evening. Thus the process of light and darkness, goes on continuously. Similarly, Prakrti undergoes activity, during creation as well as dissolution, new creation, as well as, final dissolution.
When a man (Spirit) identifies himself, with active prakrti, the activities performed by the body seems to him, to be his own activities.
Yah pasyati tathatmanamakart0ram sa pasyati:- All the actions, such as eating, drinking, walking, moving, rising, sitting, sleeping, waking, meditating and trance etc., which go on in the gross, subtle and causal bodies, are performed by prakrti, not by the self, because the self is without action. He who intuits this reality, realizes that he himself, is a non-doer.
Here, the activities are said to be performed by Prakrti, while in other verses, they are said to be performed by the modes of Prakrti, or by senses. These statements, though apparently different, are basically the same. Prakrti is the cause of guns and senses. Gulps are the evolutes of prakrti and senses are the evolutes of guns. So all actions performed by prakrti or gunas (Modes of Prakrti) or senses are performed, by Prakrti.