Srimad Bhagavad Gita -Ramanujacharya
Chapter-8 Tāraka Brahma Yogaḥ
The Way to the Immutable Brahman
Summary of the Teaching
In the seventh chapter, Sri Krishna taught that [He Himself as] Vāsudeva, the Supreme Brahman, is the object of meditation and that He is the ruler and the proprietor of all things, animate and animate. He explained how He is the cause [of all things], how He is the support of everything; how He is denoted by all words on account of all beings being His ‘corporeality’ or ‘modes of expression’. He taught how He is the controller of all; and how He alone is supreme over all on account of His multitude of auspicious attributes. He also taught how He is obscured by Sattva, Rajas and Tamas in the form of bodies and senses and as the objects of experience arising from the stream of negative Karma from beginingless time. He also taught how this obscuration can be removed by taking refuge in Him, and through the performance of virtuous deeds. He also taught the gradation among the practitioners based upon their personal goals which are generated by the relative proportions of accumulated merit; these goals being material prosperity, self-knowledge and the attainment of God. He extolled the greatness of the aspirant who seeks attainment of God with single-minded devotion on account of His inexpressible love for such a devotee. He referred to the rarity of such a devotee and also mentioned the differences among the things that should be known and those that should be practiced by the three classes of aspirants.
Now, in the eighth chapter Sri Krishna gives a detailed description of certain principles and practices that have already been treated in brief earlier:—