Srimad Bhagavad Gita -Ramanujacharya
Chapter-4 Jñāna Vibhāga Yogaḥ
Communion through Wisdom
Summary of the Teaching
In the third chapter it was determined that for the spiritual aspirant in whom the physical impulses are strong, the practice of Karma Yoga alone is the recommended practice. People are not naturally capable of the practice of Jñana Yoga; and even if capable, the practice of Karma Yoga alone, preceded by contemplation on the ātman as a non-agent is preferable. It has also been taught that even a person who is distinguished for wisdom (and is expected to act as a role-model for others) should still practice Karma Yoga alone.
Now in the fourth chapter the need for practising Karma Yoga is further stressed because it was taught at the very beginning of the present (Kalpa) age of Manu for the liberation of all beings. It is also demonstrated that the science of the Self is included in it. Furthermore, the nature of Karma Yoga with its divisions and the pre-eminence of the wisdom factor in it, is taught. And incidentally the truth about the incarnations of the Lord is also mentioned.
References and Context
- All the Scriptures state that the Supreme reality is “Inconceivable” therefore every description given subsequentlyneeds to be understood as an approximation (arthavāda) in order to glorify that Supreme reality and not a definitivetheological statement.