THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ABSOLUTE SELF
All are unanimous in accepting the proposition that all the activities of the Jiva and of the Cosmos are carried on according to the will of the Paramesvara. But some believe that the form of these three substances is fundamentally homo- genous and intact like ether ; whereas, other Vedantists say that since the Gross can never become homogeneous with the self-conscious, the personal Self (jiva) and the Cosmos must be looked upon as fundamentally different from the Paramesvara, though they are both included in one Parame- svara, in the same way as the unity of a pomegranate is not destroyed on account of there being numerous grains in it ; and whenever there is a statement in the Upanisads that all the three are ' one ', that is to be understood as meaning ' one like the pomegranate '. When in this way, diversity of opinion had arisen as regards the form of the Self (jiva), commentator supporting different creeds have stretched the meanings not only of the Upanisads, but also of the words in the Gita, in their respective commentaries. Therefore, the subject-matter really propounded in the Gita has been neglected by these commentators, in whose opinion the principal subject-matter to be considered in the Gita has been whether the Vedanta of the Gita is Monistic or Dualistic.