The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
The Hesitation and Despondency of Arjuna
visada: depression. The Chapter ends in dejection and sorrow and this is also called Yoga as this darkness of the soul is an essential step in the progress to spiritual life. Most of us go through life without facing the ultimate questions. It is in rare crises, when our ambitions lie in ruins at our feet, when we realize in remorse and agony the sad mess we have made of our lives, we cry out "Why are we here?" "What does all this mean and whither do we go from here?" "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?". Draupadi cries. "I have no husbands, no sons, no kinsmen, no brothers, no father, not even you, 0 Krsna. "
Arjuna passes through a great spiritual tension. When he detaches himself from his social obligations and asks why he should carry out the duty expected of him by society, he gets behind his socialized self and has full awareness of himself as an individual, alone and isolated. He faces the world as a stranger thrown into a threatening chaos. The new freedom creates a deep feeling of anxiety, aloneness, doubt and insecurity. If he is to function successfully, these feelings must be overcome.
References and Context
- Cp. also : "Thou all-knowing God, Thou art always present nearus; Thou dost see whatever sins there may be without and within." sarvajnatvam svayam mtyam sammdhau vartase ca nah antar bahis ca yat kinicit papam tat pagyati svayam.
- naiva me patayas santi, nay putra, nay ca bandhavahnay bhrataro, na ca pita, nova tvam madhusudana