The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan
43. sauryam tejo dhrtir daksyam
References and Context
- Mr Gerald Heard in his book on Man the Master (1942) ernphasizes the need for a "quadritype organization of society." He writes. "It would seem then, that there have always been present in human community four types or strata of consciousness. We have already spoken of the first level These are the eyes or antennae, the emergent seers and sensitives. . Below the eyes are the hands, behind the forebrain are the motor centres The two mental classes below the seers, the upper and lower middle classes, the politician and the technician-it is to them that is mainly due our present crisis. The one by its great advances in administration, in social instruments, has made it possible for the monster states to exist—and so for their unresolved internal stresses to become more acute The other, by its even greater technical advances in plant, in power machinery, in material instruments has made our societies hypertrophies—organisms of unbalanced internal structure and mutually deadly. Besides the two middle classes already made unstable and disruptive by their becoming individualized, there remained the basic, unspecialized, unquestioning class or mass—the coherers. This class is not only capable of faith • it will not hold together, it will not live without it" (pp. 133-7). Mr. Heard reminds us that "the Aryan—Sanskrit sociological thought, which first defined and named this fourfold structure of society, is as much ours as India's" (p. 145).