Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 208

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

The Lord's Transfiguration

41. sakhe 'ti matva prasabham yad uktam
he kris he yadava he sakhe
'ti ajanata mahtimanam tave 'darn
maya pramadat pranayena va 'pi
(41) For whatsoever I have spoken in rashness to Thee, thinking that Thou art my companion and unaware of this (fact of) Thy greatness, "0 Krsna, 0 Yadava, 0 Comrade" ; out of my negligence or may be through fondness,
tavedam Another reading is tavemam

42. yac ca 'vahasartham usathrto 'si
viha rasayydsanabhojanesss
eko 'thava 'py acyuta tatsamaksam
tat ksamaye tvam aham a pramey lm
(42) And for whatsoever disrespect was shown to Thee in jest, while at play or on the bed or seated or at meals, either alone or in the presence of others, I pray, 0 Unshaken One, forgiveness from Thee, the Immeasurable.
The vision of God produces a deep sense of unworthiness and sin. When Isaiah saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, he said, "woe is me ! For I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, ... for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of Hosts." (vi, I, 5.)

43. Pita lokasya caracarasya
tvam asya pujyas ca gurur gariyan
na tvatsamo 'sty abhyadhi kah kuto
'nyo lokatraye ' py apratima prabhava
(43) Thou art the father of the world of the moving and the unmoving. Thou art the object of its worship and its venerable teacher. None is equal to Thee, how then could there be one greater than Thee in the three worlds, 0 Thou of incomparable greatness?

44. tasmat prattamya pranidhaya kayam
prasadaye tvam aham isam idyam
pite 'va putrasya sakhe 'va sakhyuh
priyah priyaya 'rhasi deva sodhum
(44) Therefore bowing down and prostrating my body before Thee, Adorable Lord, I seek Thy grace. Thou, 0 God, shouldst bear with me as a father to his son, as a friend to his friend, as a lover to his beloved
The Supreme is not to be regarded as a transcendent mystery but also as close to us, as close as a father is to the son, as a friend to the friend or as a lover to the beloved. These human relations find in God their fullest realization and later Vai snava literature utilizes these ideas more fully. God as Father is a familiar conception to the Hindu..Rg. Veda says: "Be of easy approach to us, even as a father to his son. Do thou, 0 Self-effulgent Lord, abide with us and bring blessings to us.[1] Again, Yajur Veda says : "0 Lord, thou art our father; do thou instruct us like a father. "[2]The Old Testament uses the image of the father. "Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him."[3] The idea of God as father becomes the central conception in the teaching of Jesus.


References and Context

  1. I, I, 9
  2. XXXVII 20.
  3. Psalm ciii, 13 See also lxviii, 5