Bhagavadgita -Radhakrishnan 178

The Bhagavadgita -S. Radhakrishnan

The Course of Cosmic Evolution

11. yard aksaram vedavido vadanti
visanti yad yatayo vitaragah
yad icchanto brahmacaryam
caranti tat to padarh samgrahena pravaksye
(11) I shall briefly describe to thee that state which the knowers of the Veda call the Imperishable, which ascetics freed from passion enter and desiring which they lead a life of self-control
See Katha Up., II, 15. "The word which all the Vedas rehearse, and which all austerities proclaim, desiring which men live the
life of religious studentship—that word to thee I briefly declare." Theists look upon it as the highest heaven "the highest place of
Visnu." visnoh paramaan padam.

12. sarvadvaram samyamya
mano hrdi nirudhya ca
miurdhny adhaya 'tmanah pranam -sthito yogadh ranann
(12) All the gates of the body restrained, the mind confined within the heart, one's life force fixed in the head, established in concentration by yoga
The body is called the ninegated city : V, 13 The mind which is confined within the heart means the mind whose functions are checked. The yoga sister tells us that the soul which passes from the heart through sup.mnankli to the brahnlarandhra in the head and thence goes out, becomes one with the Supreme.

13 aum ity ekaksaram brahma
vydharan mam aanusmaran
yai prayati tyajam deham
sa yati paramam gatim
(13) He who utters the single syllable Aum (which is) Brahman, remembering Me as he departs, giving up his body, he goes to the highest goal.
Aum stands for the inexpressible Absolute.
mam anusmaran: remembering Me. The highest state can be obtained through the worship of God, according to the Yoga

14. ananyacetah satatam
yo mam smart nityagab tasyã
'ham sulabhah partha
nityayuktasya yoginah
(14) He who constantly meditates on Me, thinking of none else, by him who is a yogin ever disciplined (or united witl the Supreme), I am easily reached

15. mam upetya punarjanma
duhkhalayam asasvatam
napnuvanti mahatmanah
samsiddhim paraman't gatah
(15) Having come to Me, these great souls do not get back to rebirth, the place of sorrow, impermanent, for they have reached the highest perfection.
See note on IX, 33.

16. a brahntabhuvanal Joked,
punaravartino 'rjuna
mam uuetya tu kaunteya
punarjanma na vidyate
(16) From the realm of Brahma downwards, all worlds are subject to return to rebirth, but on reaching Me, 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), there is no return to birth again.
All the worlds are subject to change.[2]

17. sahasrayutgaparyantam
ahar yad brahmano viduh
ratrim yugasahasrantam
te 'horatrardo janah
(17) Those who know that the day of Brahma is of the duration of a thousand ages and that the night (of Brahma) is a thousand ages long, they are the knowers of day and night.
Day Is the period of cosmic manifestation and night of non-manifestation These are of equal length of time and alternate.


References and Context

  1. samadhisiddhir isvarapramdhanat.
  2. punaravartinahnah koala parlechinnatvat. .