Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Conclusion—The Perfection of Renunciation
Chapter 18: Verse- 78
yatra yogesvarah krsno yatra pärtho dhanur-dharah
Wherever there is Krsna, the master of all mystics, and wherever there is Arjuna, the supreme archer, there will also certainly be opulence, victory, extraordinary power, and morality. That is my opinion.
The Bhagavad-gita began with an inquiry of Dhrtarastrah’s. He was hopeful of the victory of his sons, assisted by great warriors like Bhisma, Drona and Karna. He was hopeful that the victory would be on his side. But after describing the scene on the battlefield, Sanjaya told the King, “You are thinking of victory, but my opinion is that where krsna and Arjuna are present, there will be all good fortune.” He directly confirmed that Dhrtarastrah could not expect victory for his side. Victory was certain for the side of Arjuna because krsna was there. Krsna’s acceptance of the post of charioteer for Arjuna was an exhibition of another opulence.krsna is full of all opulences, and renunciation is one of them. There are many instances of such renunciation, for krsna is also the master of renunciation.
The fight was actually between Duryodhana and Yudhisthira. Arjuna was fighting on behalf of his elder brother, Yudhisthira. Because krsna and Arjuna were on the side of Yudhisthira, Yudhisthira’s victory was certain. The battle was to decide who would rule the world, and Sanjaya predicted that the power would be transferred to Yudhisthira. It is also predicted here that Yudhisthira, after gaining victory in this battle, would flourish more and more because not only was he righteous and pious but he was also a strict moralist. He never spoke a lie during his life.
There are many less intelligent persons who take Bhagavad-gita to be a discussion of topics between two friends on a battlefield. But such a book cannot be scripture. Some may protest that krsna incited Arjuna to fight, which is immoral, but the reality of the situation is clearly stated: Bhagavad-gita is the supreme instruction in morality. The supreme instruction of morality is stated in the Ninth Chapter, in the thirty-fourth verse: man-manä bhava mad-bhaktah. One must become a devotee of Krsna, and the essence of all religion is to surrender unto krsna. The instructions of Bhagavad-gita constitute the supreme process of religion and of morality. All other processes may be purifying and may lead to this process, but the last instruction of the Gita is the last word in all morality and religion: surrender unto Krsna. This is the verdict of the Eighteenth Chapter.
- yatra=where; yoga-isvarah=the master of mysticism; krsnah=Lord Krsna;
yatra=where; pärthah=the son of Prthadhanuh-dharah=the carrier of the bow and arrow; tatra=there; srih=opulence; vijayah=victory;
bhütih=exceptional power; dhruvä=certain; nitih=morality; matih mama=my opinion.
- sarva-dharmän parityajya mäm ekam saranam vraja