Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 715

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Conclusion—The Perfection of Renunciation
Chapter 18: Verse- 35

yayä svapnam bhayam sokamvisädam madam eva ca
na vimuncati durmedhä dhrtih sä pärtha tämasi[1]


And that determination which cannot go beyond dreaming, fearfulness, lamentation, moroseness and illusion—such unintelligent determination, O son of Prthä, is in the mode of darkness.


It should not be concluded that a person in the mode of goodness does not dream. Here “dream” means too much sleep. Dreaming is always present; either in the mode of goodness, passion or ignorance, dreaming is a natural occurrence. But those who cannot avoid oversleeping, who cannot avoid the pride of enjoying material objects, who are always dreaming of lording it over the material world, and whose life, mind and senses are thus engaged, are considered to have determination in the mode of ignorance.



  1. yayä=by which; svapnam=dreaming; bhayam=fearfulness; sokam=lamentation; visädam=moroseness; madam=illusion; eva=certainly; ca=also; na=never; vimuncati=one gives up; durmedhä=unintelligent;
    dhrtih=determination; sä-that; pärtha=O son of Prthatämas=in the mode of ignorance.

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