Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Conclusion—The Perfection of Renunciation
Chapter 18: Verse- 28
ayuktah präkrtah stabdhah satho naiskrtiko ’lasah
The worker who is always engaged in work against the injunctions of the scripture, who is materialistic, obstinate, cheating and expert in insulting others, and who is lazy, always morose and procrastinating is said to be a worker in the mode of ignorance.
In the scriptural injunctions we find what sort of work should be performed and what sort of work should not be performed. Those who do not care for those injunctions engage in work not to be done, and such persons are generally materialistic. They work according to the modes of nature, not according to the injunctions of the scripture. Such workers are not very gentle, and generally they are always cunning and expert in insulting others. They are very lazy; even though they have some duty, they do not do it properly, and they put it aside to be done later on. Therefore they appear to be morose. They procrastinate; anything which can be done in an hour they drag on for years. Such workers are situated in the mode of ignorance.
- ayuktah=not referring to the scriptural injunctions; präkrtah=materialistic; stabdhah=obstinate; sathah=deceitful; naiskrtikah=expert in insulting others; alasah=lazy; visädi=morose; dirgha-sütri=procrastinating; ca=also; kartä=worker; tämasah=in the mode of ignorance; ucyate=is said to be.