Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kuruksetra
Chapter 1: Verse-8
bhavän bhismas ca karnas ca
There are personalities like you, Bhisma, Karna, Krpa, Asvatthämä, Vikarna and the son of Somadatta called Bhürisravä, who are always victorious in battle.
Duryodhanah mentions the exceptional heroes in the battle, all of whom are ever victorious. Vikarna is the brother of Duryodhanah, Asvatthämä is the son of Dronacarya, and Saumadatti, or Bhürisravä, is the son of the King of the Bählikas. Karna is the half brother of Arjuna, as he was born of Kunti before her marriage with King Pandu. Krpäcärya’s twin sister married Dronacarya.
Chapter 1: Verse-9
anye ca bahavah sura
There are many other heroes who are prepared to lay down their lives for my sake. All of them are well equipped with different kinds of weapons, and all are experienced in military science.
As far as the others are concerned-like Jayadratha, Krtavarma and Salya all are determined to lay down their lives for Duryodhanah’s sake. In other words, it is already concluded that all of them would die in the Battle of Kuruksetra for joining the party of the sinful Duryodhanah. Duryodhanah was, of course, confident of his victory on account of the above-mentioned combined strength of his friends.
- bhavän=your good self; bhismah=Grandfather Bhisma; ca=also; karnah=Karna; ca=and; krpah=Krpa; ca=and; samitim-jayah=always victorious in battle; asvatthämä=Asvatthämä; vikarnah=Vikarna; ca=as well as; saumadattih=the son of Somadatta; tathä=as well as; eva=certainly; ca=also.
- anye=others; ca=also; bahavah=in great numbers; surah=heroes; mat-arthe=for my sake; tyakta-jivitah=prepared to risk life; nänä=many; sastra=weapons; praharanah=equipped with; sarve=all of them; yuddha-visäradäh experienced in military science.