Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 694

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Conclusion—The Perfection of Renunciation
Chapter 18: Verse- 14

adhisthänam tathä kartä karanam ca prthag-vidham
vividhäs ca prthak cestä daivam caivätra pancamam[1]


The place of action [the body], the performer, the various senses, the many different kinds of endeavor, and ultimately the Supersoul—these are the five factors of action.


The word adhisthänam refers to the body. The soul within the body is acting to bring about the results of activity and is therefore known as kartä, “the doer.” That the soul is the knower and the doer is stated in the çruti. Esa hi drastä srastä[2]. It is also confirmed in the Vedänta-sütra by the verses jno ’ta eva [3] and kartä sästrärthavattvät[4]. The instruments of action are the senses, and by the senses the soul acts in various ways. For each and every action there is a different endeavor. But all one’s activities depend on the will of the Supersoul, who is seated within the heart as a friend. The Supreme Lord is the supercause. Under these circumstances, he who is acting in krsna consciousness under the direction of the Supersoul situated within the heart is naturally not bound by any activity. Those in complete krsna consciousness are not ultimately responsible for their actions. Everything is dependent on the supreme will, the Supersoul, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.



  1. adhisthänam=the place; tathä=also; kartä=the worker; karanam=instruments; ca=and; prthak-vidham=of different kinds; vividhäh=various; ca=and; prthak=separate; cestäh=the endeavors; daivam=the Supreme; ca=also; eva=certainly; atra=here; pancamam=the fifth.
  2. Prasna Up anisad 4.9
  3. 2.3.18
  4. 2.3.33

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