Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Conclusion—The Perfection of Renunciation
Chapter 18: Verse- 13
pancaitäni mahä-bäho käranäni nibodha me
O mighty-armed Arjuna, according to the Vedänta there are five causes for the accomplishment of all action. Now learn of these from Me.
A question may be raised that since any activity performed must have some reaction, how is it that the person in krsna consciousness does not suffer or enjoy the reactions of work? The Lord is citing Vedänta philosophy to show how this is possible. He says that there are five causes for all activities, and for success in all activity one should consider these five causes. Sankhya means the stalk of knowledge, and Vedänta is the final stalk of knowledge accepted by all leading äcäryas. Even Sankara accepts Vedänta-sütra as such. Therefore such authority should be consulted. The ultimate control is invested in the Supersoul. As it is stated in the Bhagavad-gita, sarvasya cäham hrdi sannivistah. He is engaging everyone in certain activities by reminding him of his past actions. And krsna conscious acts done under His direction from within yield no reaction, either in this life or in the life after death.
- panca=five; etäni=these; mahä-bäh=—O mighty-armed one; käranäni=causes; nibodha=just understand; me=from Me; sänkhye=in the Vedänta; krta-ante=in the conclusion; proktäni=said; siddhaye=for the perfection; sarva=of all; karmanäm=activities.