Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
The Divine And Demoniac Natures
Chapter 16: Verse- 1-3
sri-bhagavän uväca abhayam sattva-samsuddhir
The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: Fearlessness; purification of one’s existence; cultivation of spiritual knowledge; charity; self-control; performance of sacrifice; study of the Vedas; austerity; simplicity; nonviolence; truthfulness; freedom from anger; renunciation; tranquillity; aversion to faultfinding; compassion for all living entities; freedom from covetousness; gentleness; modesty; steady determination; vigor; forgiveness; fortitude; cleanliness; and freedom from envy and from the passion for honor—these transcendental qualities, O son of Bharata, belong to godly men endowed with divine nature.
In the beginning of the Fifteenth Chapter, the banyan tree of this material world was explained. The extra roots coming out of it were compared to the activities of the living entities, some auspicious, some inauspicious. In the Ninth Chapter, also, the devas, or godly, and the asuras, the ungodly, or demons, were explained. Now, according to Vedic rites, activities in the mode of goodness are considered auspicious for progress on the path of liberation, and such activities are known as daivi prakrti, transcendental by nature. Those who are situated in the transcendental nature make progress on the path of liberation. For those who are acting in the modes of passion and ignorance, on the other hand, there is no possibility of liberation. Either they will have to remain in this material world as human beings, or they will descend among the species of animals or even lower life forms. In this Sixteenth Chapter the Lord explains both the transcendental nature and its attendant qualities and the demoniac nature and its qualities. He also explains the advantages and disadvantages of these qualities.
The word abhijätasya in reference to one born of transcendental qualities or godly tendencies is very significant. To beget a child in a godly atmosphere is known in the Vedic scriptures as Garbhädhäna-samskära. If the parents want a child in the godly qualities they should follow the ten principles recommended for the social life of the human being. In Bhagavad-gita we have studied also before that sex life for begetting a good child is krsna Himself. Sex life is not condemned, provided the process is used in krsna consciousness. Those who are in krsna consciousness at least should not beget children like cats and dogs but should beget them so that they may become krsna conscious after birth.
- sri-bhagavän uväca=the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; abhayam=fearlessness; sattva-samsuddhih=purification of one’s existence; jnäna=in knowledge; yoga=of linking up; vyavasthitih=the situation; dänam=charity; damah=controlling the mind; ca=and;
yajnah=performance of sacrifice; ca=and; svädhyäyah=study of Vedic literature; tapah=austerity; ärjavam=simplicity; ahimsä=nonviolence;
satyam=truthfulness; akrodhah=freedom from anger; tyägah=renunciation; säntih=tranquillity; apaisunam=aversion to fault-finding; dayä=mercy;
bhütesu=towards all living entities; aloluptvam=freedom from greed; märdavam=gentleness; hrih=modesty; acäpalam=determination;
tejah=vigor; ksamä=forgiveness; dhrtih=fortitude; saucam=cleanliness; adrohah=freedom from envy; na=not; ati-mänitä=expectation of honor;
bhavanti=are; sampadam=the qualities; daivim=the transcendental nature; abhijätasya=of one who is born of; bhärata=O son of Bharata.