Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
The Yoga of the Supreme Person
Chapter 15: Verse- 18
yasmät ksaram atito ’ham aksaräd api cottamah
Because I am transcendental, beyond both the fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am celebrated both in the world and in the Vedas as that Supreme Person.
No one can surpass the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna—neither the conditioned soul nor the liberated soul. He is therefore the greatest of personalities. Now it is clear here that the living entities and the Supreme Personality of Godhead are individuals. The difference is that the living entities, either in the conditioned state or in the liberated state, cannot surpass in quantity the inconceivable potencies of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is incorrect to think of the Supreme Lord and the living entities as being on the same level or equal in all respects. There is always the question of superiority and inferiority between their personalities. The word uttama is very significant. No one can surpass the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
The word loke signifies “in the pauruña ägama .” As confirmed in the Nirukti dictionary, lokyate vedärtho ’nena: “The purpose of the Vedas is explained by the smrti scriptures.” The Supreme Lord, in His localized aspect of Paramätmä, is also described in the Vedas themselves. The following verse appears in the Vedas: tävadesasamprasädo ’smäc charirätsamutthäya param jyoti-rüpam sampadya svena rüpenäbhinispadyate sa uttamah purusah. “The Supersoul coming out of the body enters the impersonal brahmajyoti; then in His form He remains in His spiritual identity. That Supreme is called the Supreme Personality.” This means that the Supreme Personality is exhibiting and diffusing His spiritual effulgence, which is the ultimate illumination. That Supreme Personality also has a localized aspect as Paramätmä. By incarnating Himself as the son of Satyavati and Parasara, He explains the Vedic knowledge as Vyäsadeva.
- yasmät=because; ksaram=to the fallible; atitah=transcendental; aham=I am; aksarät=beyond the infallible; api=also; ca=and; uttamah=the best; atah=therefore; asmi=I am; loke=in the world; vede=in the Vedic
literature; ca=and; prathitah=celebrated; purusa-uttamah=as the Supreme Personality.
- the smrti scriptures
- Chändogya Upanisad 8.12.3