Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 592

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

The Three Modes Of Material Nature
Chapter 14: Verse-13

aprakäso ’pravrttis ca pramädo moha eva ca
tamasy etäni jäyante vivrddhe kuru-nandana[1]


When there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, O son of Kuru, darkness, inertia, madness and illusion are manifested.


When there is no illumination, knowledge is absent. One in the mode of ignorance does not work by a regulative principle; he wants to act whimsically, for no purpose. Even though he has the capacity to work, he makes no endeavor. This is called illusion. Although consciousness is going on, life is inactive. These are the symptoms of one in the mode of ignorance.



  1. aprakäsah=darkness; apravrttih=inactivity; ca=and; pramädah=madness;
    mohah=illusion; eva=certainly; ca=also; tamasi=the mode of ignorance; etäni=these; jäyante=are manifested; vivrddhe=when developed;
    kuru-nandana=O son of Kuru.

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