Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Nature, the Enjoyer, and Consciousness
Chapter 13: Verse-3
ksetra-jnam cäpi mäm viddhi sarva-ksetresu bhärata
O scion of Bharata, you should understand that I am also the knower in all bodies, and to understand this body and its knower is called knowledge. That is My opinion.
While discussing the subject of the body and the knower of the body, the soul and the Supersoul, we shall find three different topics of study: the Lord, the living entity, and matter. In every field of activities, in every body, there are two souls: the individual soul and the Supersoul. Because the Supersoul is the plenary expansion of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna,krsna says, “I am also the knower, but I am not the individual knower of the body. I am the super knower. I am present in every body as the Paramätmä, or Supersoul.”
One who studies the subject matter of the field of activity and the knower of the field very minutely, in terms of this Bhagavad-gita, can attain to knowledge. The Lord says, “I am the knower of the field of activities in every individual body.” The individual may be the knower of his own body, but he is not in knowledge of other bodies. The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is present as the Supersoul in all bodies, knows everything about all bodies. He knows all the different bodies of all the various species of life. A citizen may know everything about his patch of land, but the king knows not only his palace but all the properties possessed by the individual citizens. Similarly, one may be the proprietor of the body individually, but the Supreme Lord is the proprietor of all bodies. The king is the original proprietor of the kingdom, and the citizen is the secondary proprietor. Similarly, the Supreme Lord is the supreme proprietor of all bodies. The body consists of the senses. The Supreme Lord is Hrsikesa, Which means “the controller of the senses.” He is the original controller of the senses, just as the king is the original controller of all the activities of the state; the citizens are secondary controllers. The Lord says, “I am also the knower.”
- ksetra-jnam=the knower of the field; ca=also; api=certainly; mäm=Me;
viddhi=know; sarva=all; ksetresu=in bodily fields; bhärata=O son of Bharata; ksetra=the field of activities (the body); ksetra-jnayoh=and the
knower of the field; jnänam=knowledge of; yat=that which; tat=that; jnänam=knowledge; matam=opinion; mama=My.