Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 466

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

The Opulence of the Absolute
Chapter 10: Verse-35

brhat-säma tathä sämnäm gäyatri chandasäm aham
mäsänäm märga-sirso ’ham rtünäm kusumäkarah [1]


Of the hymns in the Säma Veda I am the Brhat-säma, and of poetry I am the Gäyatri. Of months I am Märgasirsa [November-December], and of seasons I am flower-bearing spring.


It has already been explained by the Lord that amongst all the Vedas, He is the Säma Veda. The Säma Veda is rich with beautiful songs played by the various demigods. One of these songs is the Brhat-säma, which has an exquisite melody and is sung at midnight.

In Sanskrit, there are definite rules that regulate poetry; rhyme and meter are not written whimsically, as in much modern poetry. Amongst the regulated poetry, the Gäyatri mantra, which is chanted by the duly qualified brahmanas, is the most prominent. The Gäyatri mantra is mentioned in the Srimad-Bhägavatam. Because the Gäyatri mantra is especially meant for God realization, it represents the Supreme Lord. This mantra is meant for spiritually advanced people, and when one attains success in chanting it, he can enter into the transcendental position of the Lord. One must first acquire the qualities of the perfectly situated person, the qualities of goodness according to the laws of material nature, in order to chant the Gäyatri mantra.

The Gäyatri mantra is very important in Vedic civilization and is considered to be the sound incarnation of Brahman. Brahmä is its initiator, and it is passed down from him in disciplic succession. The month of November-December is considered the best of all months because in India grains are collected from the fields at this time and the people become very happy. Of course spring is a season universally liked because it is neither too hot nor too cold and the flowers and trees blossom and flourish. In spring there are also many ceremonies commemorating Krsna’s pastimes; therefore this is considered to be the most joyful of all seasons, and it is the representative of the Supreme Lord, Krsna.



  1. brhat-säma=the Brhat-säma; tathä=also; sämnäm=of the Säma Veda songs;
    gäyatri=the Gäyatri hymns; chandasäm=of all poetry; aham=I am; mäsänäm=of months; märga-sirsah=the month of November-December;
    aham=I am; rtünäm=of all seasons; kusuma-äkarah=spring.

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