Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 463

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

The Opulence of the Absolute
Chapter 10: Verse-32

sargänäm ädir antas ca madhyam caiväham arjuna
adhyätma-vidyä vidyänäm vädah pravadatäm aham [1]


Of all creations I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, O Arjuna. Of all sciences I am the spiritual science of the self, and among logicians I am the conclusive truth.


Among the created manifestations, the first is the creation of the total material elements. As explained before, the cosmic manifestation is created and conducted by Mahä-Visnu, Garbhodakasäyi Visnu and Ksirodakasäyi Visnu, and then again it is annihilated by Lord Siva. Brahmä is a secondary creator. All these agents of creation, maintenance and annihilation are incarnations of the material qualities of the Supreme Lord.

Therefore He is the beginning, the middle and the end of all creation. For advanced education there are various kinds of books of knowledge, such as the four Vedas, their six supplements, the Vedänta-sütra, books of logic, books of religiosity and the Puränas. So all together there are fourteen divisions of books of education. Of these, the book which presents adhyätma-vidyä, spiritual knowledge—in particular, the Vedänta-sütra—represents Krsna. Among logicians there are different kinds of argument. Supporting one’s argument with evidence that also supports the opposing side is called jalpa. Merely trying to defeat one’s opponent is called vitandä. But the actual conclusion is called väda. This conclusive truth is a representation of Krsna.



  1. sargänäm=of all creations; ädih=the beginning; antah=end; ca=and; madhyam—middle; ca=also; eva=certainly; aham=I am; arjuna=O Arjuna; adhyätma-vidyä=spiritual knowledge; vidyänäm=of all education; vädah=the natural conclusion; pravadatäm=of arguments; aham=I am.

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