Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
The Opulence of the Absolute
Chapter 10: Verse-12-13
Arjuna said: You are the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate abode, the purest, the Absolute Truth. You are the eternal, transcendental, original person, the unborn, the greatest. All the great sages such as Närada, Asita, Devala and Vyäsa confirm this truth about You, and now You Yourself are declaring it to me.
In these two verses the Supreme Lord gives a chance to the modern philosopher, for here it is clear that the Supreme is different from the individual soul. Arjuna, after hearing the essential four verses of Bhagavad-gita in this chapter, became completely free from all doubts and accepted krsna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He at once boldly declares, “You are param brahma, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.” And previously krsna stated that He is the originator of everything and everyone. Every demigod and every human being is dependent on Him. Men and demigods, out of ignorance, think that they are absolute and independent of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. That ignorance is removed perfectly by the discharge of devotional service. This has already been explained in the previous verse by the Lord. Now, by His grace, Arjuna is accepting Him as the Supreme Truth, in concordance with the Vedic injunction. It is not that because krsna is Arjuna’s intimate friend Arjuna is flattering Him by calling Him the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth. Whatever Arjuna says in these two verses is confirmed by Vedic truth. Vedic injunctions affirm that only one who takes to devotional service to the Supreme Lord can understand Him, whereas others cannot. Each and every word of this verse spoken by Arjuna is confirmed by Vedic injunction.
- arjunah uväca=Arjuna said; param=supreme; brahma=truth; param=supreme; dhäma=sustenance; pavitram=pure; paramam=supreme; bhavän=You; purusam=personality; säsvatam=original; divyam=transcendental; ädi-devam=the original Lord; ajam=unborn; vibhum=greatest; ähuh=say; tväm=of You; rsayah=sages; sarve=all; deva-rsih=the sage among the demigods; näradah=Närada; tathä=also; asitah=Asita; devalah=Devala; vyäsah=Vyäsa; svayam=personally; ca=also; eva=certainly; bravisi=You are explaining; me=unto me.
- BG. 10.8-11