Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
The Opulence of the Absolute
Chapter 10: Verse-4-5
buddhir jnänam asammohah ksamä satyam damah samah
Intelligence, knowledge, freedom from doubt and delusion, forgiveness, truthfulness, control of the senses, control of the mind, happiness and distress, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, satisfaction, austerity, charity, fame and infamy—all these various qualities of living beings are created by Me alone.
The different qualities of living entities, be they good or bad, are all created by Krsna, and they are described here. Intelligence refers to the power to analyze things in their proper perspective, and knowledge refers to understanding what is spirit and what is matter. Ordinary knowledge obtained by a university education pertains only to matter, and it is not accepted here as knowledge. Knowledge means knowing the distinction between spirit and matter. In modern education there is no knowledge about spirit; they are simply taking care of the material elements and bodily needs. Therefore academic knowledge is not complete.
Asammoha, freedom from doubt and delusion, can be achieved when one is not hesitant and when he understands the transcendental philosophy. Slowly but surely he becomes free from bewilderment. Nothing should be accepted blindly; everything should be accepted with care and with caution. Ksamä, tolerance and forgiveness, should be practiced; one should be tolerant and excuse the minor offenses of others. Satyam, truthfulness, means that facts should be presented as they are, for the benefit of others. Facts should not be misrepresented. According to social conventions, it is said that one can speak the truth only when it is palatable to others. But that is not truthfulness. The truth should be spoken in a straightforward way, so that others will understand actually what the facts are. If a man is a thief and if people are warned that he is a thief, that is truth. Although sometimes the truth is unpalatable, one should not refrain from speaking it. Truthfulness demands that the facts be presented as they are for the benefit of others. That is the definition of truth.
- buddhih=intelligence; jnänam=knowledge; asammohah=freedom from
doubt; ksamä=forgiveness; satyam=truthfulness; damah=control of the senses; samah=control of the mind; sukham=happiness; duhkham=distress; bhavahbirth; abhävah=death; bhayam=fear; ca=also; abhayam=fearlessness; eva=also; ca=and; ahimsä=nonviolence; samatä=equilibrium; tusöih=satisfaction; tapah=penance; dänam=charity; yasah=fame; ayasah=infamy; bhavanti=come about; bhävähnatures; bhütänäm=of living entities; mattah=from Me; eva=certainly; prthak-vidhäh=variously arranged.