Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 422

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

The Most Confidential Knowledge
Chapter 9: Verse-32

mäM hi pärtha vyapäsritya ye ’pi syuh päpa-yonayah
striyo vaisyäs tathä südräs te ’pi yänti paräm gatim


O son of Prthä, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower birth—women, vaisyas [merchants] and südras [workers]—can attain the supreme destination.


It is clearly declared here by the Supreme Lord that in devotional service there is no distinction between the lower and higher classes of people. In the material conception of life there are such divisions, but for a person engaged in transcendental devotional service to the Lord there are not. Everyone is eligible for the supreme destination. In the [2] it is stated that even the lowest, who are called candälas (dog-eaters), can be purified by association with a pure devotee. Therefore devotional service and the guidance of a pure devotee are so strong that there is no discrimination between the lower and higher classes of men; anyone can take to it. The most simple man taking shelter of the pure devotee can be purified by proper guidance. According to the different modes of material nature, men are classified in the mode of goodness (brahmanas), the mode of passion (ksatriyas, or administrators), the mixed modes of passion and ignorance (vaisyas, or merchants), and the mode of ignorance (südras, or workers). Those lower than them are called candälas, and they are born in sinful families. Generally, the association of those born in sinful families is not accepted by the higherclasses. But the process of devotional service is so strong that the pure devotee of the Supreme Lord can enable people of all the lower classes toattain the highest perfection of life. This is possible only when one takes shelter of Krsna. As indicated here by the word vyapäsritya, one has to take shelter completely of Krsna. Then one can become much greater than great jnänis and yogis.



  1. mäm=of Me; hi=certainly; pärtha=O son of Prthavyapäsritya=particularly taking shelter; ye=those who; api=also; syuh=are; päpa-yonayah=born of a lower family; striyah=women; vaisyäh=mercantile people; tathä=also; südräh=lower-class men; te api=even they; yänti=go; paräm=to the supreme; gatim=destination.
  2. Srimad-Bhägavatam 2.4.18

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