Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 406

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

The Most Confidential Knowledge
Chapter 9: Verse-19

tapämy aham aham varsam nigrhnämy utsrjämi ca
amrtamcaiva mrtyus ca sad asac cäham arjuna [1]


O Arjuna, I give heat, and I withhold and send forth the rain. I am immortality, and I am also death personified. Both spirit and matter are in Me.


Krsna, by His different energies, diffuses heat and light through the agency of electricity and the sun. During summer season it is krsna who checks rain from falling from the sky, and then during the rainy season He gives unceasing torrents of rain. The energy which sustains us by prolonging the duration of our life is Krsna, and krsna meets us at the end as death. By analyzing all these different energies of Krsna, one can ascertain that for krsna there is no distinction between matter and spirit, or, in other words, He is both matter and spirit. In the advanced stage of krsna consciousness, one therefore makes no such distinctions. He sees only krsna in everything. Since krsna is both matter and spirit, the gigantic universal form comprising all material manifestations is also Krsna, and His pastimes in Vrndävana as two-handed Syämasundara, playing on a flute, are those of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.



  1. tapämi=give heat; aham=I; aham=I; varsam=rain; nigrhnämi=withhold; utsrjämi=send forth; ca=and; amrtam=immortality; ca=and; eva=certainly; mrtyuh=death; ca=and; sat=spirit; asat=matter; ca=and; aham=I; arjuna=O Arjuna.

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