Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 369

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Attaining the Supreme
Chapter 8: Verse-18-19

avyaktäd vyaktayah sarväh prabhavanty ahar-ägame
rätry-ägame praliyante tatraivävyakta-samjnake[1]

bhüta-grämah sa eväyam bhütvä bhütvä praliyate
rätry-ägame ’vasah pärtha prabhavaty ahar-ägame[2]


At the beginning of Brahmä’s day, all living entities become manifest from the unmanifest state, and thereafter, when the night falls, they are merged into the unmanifest again.

Again and again, when Brahmä’s day arrives, all living entities come into being, and with the arrival of Brahmä’s night they are helplessly annihilated.


The less intelligent, who try to remain within this material world, may be elevated to higher planets and then again must come down to this planet earth. During the daytime of Brahmä they can exhibit their activities on higher and lower planets within this material world, but at the coming of Brahmä’s night they are all annihilated. In the day they receive various bodies for material activities, and at night they no longer have bodies but remain compact in the body of Visnu. Then again they are manifest at the arrival of Brahmä’s day. Bhütvä bhütvä praliyate: during the day they become manifest, and at night they are annihilated again. Ultimately, when Brahmä’s life is finished, they are all annihilated and remain unmanifest for millions and millions of years. And when Brahmä is born again in another millennium they are again manifest. In this way they are captivated by the spell of the material world. But those intelligent persons who take to krsna consciousness use the human life fully in the devotional service of the Lord, chanting Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna,krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/ Hare Räma, Hare Räma, Räma Räma, Hare Hare. Thus they transfer themselves, even in this life, to the spiritual planet of krsna and become eternally blissful there, not being subject to such rebirths.



  1. avyaktät=from the unmanifest; vyaktayah=living entities; sarväh=all; prabhavanti=become manifest; ahah-ägame=at the beginning of the day; rätri-ägame=at the fall of night; praliyante=are annihilated; tatra=into that; eva=certainly; avyakta=the unmanifest; samjnake=which is called.
  2. bhüta-grämah=the aggregate of all living entities; sah=these; eva=certainly;
    ayam=this; bhütvä bhütvä=repeatedly taking birth; praliyate=is annihilated; rätri=of night; ägame=on the arrival; avasah=automatically; pärtha=O son of Prthaprabhavati=is manifest; ahah=of daytime; ägame=on the arrival.

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