Bhagavad Gita -Srila Prabhupada 349

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

Attaining the Supreme
Chapter 8: Verse-1

arjuna uväca
kim tad brahma kim adhyätmam kim karma purusottama
adhibhütam ca kim proktam adhidaivam kim ucyate [1]


Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, O Supreme Person, what is Brahman? What is the self? What are fruitive activities? What is this material manifestation? And what are the demigods? Please explain this to me.


In this chapter Lord krsna answers different questions from Arjuna, beginning with “What is Brahman?” The Lord also explains karma (fruitive activities), devotional service and yoga principles, and devotional service in its pure form. The Srimad-Bhägavatam explains that the Supreme Absolute Truth is known as Brahman, Paramätmä and Bhagavän. In addition, the living entity, the individual soul, is also called Brahman. Arjuna also inquires about ätmä, which refers to body, soul and mind. According to the Vedic dictionary, ätmä refers to the mind, soul, body and senses also. Arjuna has addressed the Supreme Lord as Purusottama, Supreme Person, which means that he was putting these questions not simply to a friend but to the Supreme Person, knowing Him to be the supreme authority able to give definitive answers.



  1. arjunah uväca=Arjuna said; kim=what; tat=that; brahma=Brahman;
    kim=what; adhyätmam=the self; kim=what; karma=fruitive activities; purusa-uttama=O Supreme Person; adhibhütam=the material
    manifestation; ca=nd; kim=what; proktam=is called; adhidaivam=the demigods; kim=what; ucyate=is called.

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