Shrimad Bhagavad Gita As It Is -Shri Shrimad A.C Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Knowledge of the Absolute
Chapter 7: Verse-5
apareyam itas tv anyäm prakrtimviddhi me paräm
Besides these, O mighty-armed Arjuna, there is another, superior energy of Mine, which comprises the living entities who are exploiting the resources of this material, inferior nature.
Here it is clearly mentioned that living entities belong to the superior nature (or energy) of the Supreme Lord. The inferior energy is matter manifested in different elements, namely earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego. Both forms of material nature, namely gross (earth, etc.) and subtle (mind, etc.), are products of the inferior energy. The living entities, who are exploiting these inferior energies for different purposes, are the superior energy of the Supreme Lord, and it is due to this energy that the entire material world functions. The cosmic manifestation has no power to act unless it is moved by the superior energy, the living entity. Energies are always controlled by the energetic, and therefore the living entities are always controlled by the Lord—they have no independent existence. They are never equally powerful, as unintelligent men think. The distinction between the living entities and the Lord is described in as follows:
aparimitä dhruväs tanu-bhrto yadi sarva-gatäs
“O Supreme Eternal! If the embodied living entities were eternal and all-pervading like You, then they would not be under Your control. But if the living entities are accepted as minute energies of Your Lordship, then they are at once subject to Your supreme control. Therefore real liberation entails surrender by the living entities to Your control, and that surrender will make them happy.
- aparä=inferior; iyam=this; itah=besides this; tu=but; anyäm=another; prakrtim=energy; viddhi=just try to understand; me=My; paräm=superior; jiva-bhütäm=comprising the living entities; mahä-bäho=O mighty-armed
one; yayä=by whom; idam=this; dhäryate=is utilized or exploited; jagat=the material world.
- Srimad-Bhägavatam 10.87.30